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The chemotactic factors directing interneuron migration during cerebrocortical development are essentially unknown. Here we identify the CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) in interneuron precursors migrating from the basal forebrain to the neocortex and demonstrate that stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) is a potent chemoattractant for isolated striatal(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) in the thymus (tDCs) are predominantly accumulated in the medulla and contribute to the establishment of self-tolerance. However, how the medullary accumulation of tDCs is regulated and involved in self-tolerance is unclear. We show that the chemokine receptor XCR1 is expressed by tDCs, whereas medullary thymic epithelial cells (mTECs)(More)
T cell development requires phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling with contributions from both the class IA, p110delta, and class IB, p110gamma catalytic subunits. However, the receptors on immature T cells by which each of these PI3Ks are activated have not been identified, nor has the mechanism behind their functional redundancy in the thymus.(More)
CC chemokine receptor (CCR) 5 and CXC chemokine receptor (CXCR)3 are expressed on T helper cell type 1 cells and have been implicated in their migration to sites of inflammation. Our preceding study demonstrated that a nonpeptide synthetic CCR5 antagonist, TAK-779 (N, N-dimethyl-N-[4-[[[2-(4-methylphenyl)-6,(More)
The hallmark of endochondral bone development is the presence of cartilaginous templates, in which osteoblasts and stromal cells are generated to form mineralized matrix and support bone marrow haematopoiesis. However, the ultimate source of these mesenchymal cells and the relationship between bone progenitors in fetal life and those in later life are(More)
  • Adam Greenbaum, Yen-Michael S. Hsu, Ryan B. Day, Laura G. Schuettpelz, Matthew J. Christopher, Joshua N. Borgerding +2 others
  • 2013
conditionally deleted using the following transgenes expressing Cre-recombinase: 1) Osteocalcin-Cre (Oc-Cre), which targets recombination in mineralizing osteoblasts; 2) Osterix-Cre (Osx-Cre), which targets CXCL12-abundant reticular (CAR) cells and osteoblasts; 3) Prx1-Cre, which targets mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), as well as CAR cells and osteoblasts;(More)
Migration of neuronal precursor cells from the external germinal layer (EGL) to the internal granular layer (IGL) is a crucial process in the development of the mammalian cerebellar cortex. These cells make up the only precursor population known to migrate away from the surface of the brain. We studied the role of the chemokine stromal-derived factor 1(More)
Motor neurons, alone among neurons in the vertebrate CNS, extend axons out of the neural tube to innervate peripheral targets. Two classes of motor neurons, termed vMNs and dMNs, extend axons out of the neural tube via ventral and dorsal exit points, respectively, in accord with their homeodomain transcription factor repertoire. Downstream of these(More)
Cell migration is fundamental to organogenesis. During development, the enteric neural crest cells (ENCCs) that give rise to the enteric nervous system (ENS) migrate and colonize the entire length of the gut, which undergoes substantial growth and morphological rearrangement. How ENCCs adapt to such changes during migration, however, is not fully(More)
Several members of the chemokine receptor family have been shown to function in association with CD4 to permit human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) entry and infection. The CXC chemokine receptor CXCR4/fusin is a receptor for pre-B cell growth stimulating factor (PBSF)/stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) and serves as a coreceptor for the entry of(More)