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Systemic administration of the cholinergic agonist pilocarpine (350-400 mg/kg, i.p.) to rats induces acute behavioral and EEG status epilepticus followed by apparent complete neurological recovery. In rats receiving higher doses of pilocarpine (i.e., 380-400 mg/kg), recurrent seizures reappear 2-2.5 weeks later and continue to occur as long as the rats are(More)
Solar flares are caused by the sudden release of magnetic energy stored near sunspots. They release 10(29) to 10(32) ergs of energy on a timescale of hours. Similar flares have been observed on many stars, with larger 'superflares' seen on a variety of stars, some of which are rapidly rotating and some of which are of ordinary solar type. The small number(More)
An in vitro slice preparation of combined hippocampus and entorhinal cortex from adult rats was used to study the modalities of generation and propagation, as well as the pharmacological properties of the epileptiform activity induced by the muscarinic agonist pilocarpine (10 microM). Simultaneous field potentials recordings were made from the medial(More)
Serotonin is known to modulate the response of neuronal populations in the primary olfactory center of the moth olfactory system, the antennal lobe. Here, we analyzed the effects of serotonin on the behavior related to the restricted pheromone olfactory pathway of the male silkmoth, Bombyx mori. In order to understand the effects of serotonin at the(More)
Application of 4-aminopyridine (4AP, 50 microM) to combined slices of adult rat hippocampus-entorhinal cortex-induced ictal and interictal epileptiform discharges, as well as slow field potentials that were abolished by the mu-opioid agonist [D-Ala2,N-Me-Phe4,Gly-ol5] enkephalin (DAGO, 10 microM) or the GABAA receptor antagonist bicuculline methiodide (BMI,(More)
5-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeODMT) and 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOI) facilitate motoneuron excitability through 5-HT1C/5-HT2 receptors in rats. Using spinal cord slices prepared from adult rats, we recorded unitary cell discharges, evoked by local stimulation of the adjacent site, extracellularly in the motor nuclei of the(More)
Pilocarpine injection into rodents leads to the development of chronic limbic seizures that follow an initial status epilepticus and a seizure-free interval. It has been proposed that a decreased efficacy of the mechanisms that buffer the extracellular concentration of K+ ([K+]o) leads to an increase in seizure susceptibility. Therefore, we analyzed the(More)
The K+ channel activators diazoxide and cromakalim were investigated for effects on 4-aminopyridine (4AP)-induced epileptiform activity in adult rat hippocampal slices maintained in vitro. Under normal conditions of oxygenation, 4AP (50 microM) induced two types of field potentials in extracellular recordings from the CA3 stratum radiatum (apical dendritic(More)
In humans, appetite is affected by food experiences and food flavors. In the blowfly Phormia regina, we found that feeding threshold to sugar increased in the presence of the odor of D-limonene and decreased in the presence of the odor of dithiothreitol (DTT). Using these odors as representative nonappetitive and appetitive flavors, we demonstrated the role(More)
Several prohormone convertases that are involved in the posttranslational processing of precursor proteins, including neuropetides, hormones and neurotrophic factors, are produced in the central nervous system. These include enzymes named furin, PC1, PC2, PC5 and PACE4. To understand better the potential role played by prohormone convertases in the central(More)