Takashi Muramatsu

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The midkine (MK) family consists of only two members, namely heparin-binding growth factors MK and pleiotrophin (PTN). During embryogenesis, MK is highly expressed in the mid-gestational period, whereas PTN expression reaches the maximum level around birth. Both proteins are localized in the radial glial processes of the embryonic brain, along which neural(More)
Midkine, a heparin-binding growth factor, plays a critical role in cell migration causing suppression of neointima formation in midkine-deficient mice. Here we have determined the molecules essential for midkine-induced migration. Midkine induced haptotaxis of osteoblast-like cells, which was abrogated by the soluble form of midkine or pleiotrophin, a(More)
Midkine is a 13-kDa heparin-binding growth factor with 45% sequence identity to pleiotrophin. Pleiotrophin has been demonstrated to bind to protein-tyrosine phosphatase zeta (PTPzeta) with high affinity. In this study, we examined the binding of midkine to PTPzeta by solid-phase binding assay. Midkine and pleiotrophin binding to PTPzeta were equally(More)
Basigin is a highly glycosylated transmembrane protein with two immunoglobulin-like domains. We generated mutant mice lacking the basigin gene (Bsg) by gene targeting. Bsg (-/-) embryos developed normally during preimplantation stages. However, the majority of Bsg (-/-) embryos died around the time of implantation. At this time, basigin mRNA was strongly(More)
Midkine (MK) and pleiotrophin (PTN) are low molecular weight proteins with closely related structures. They are mainly composed of two domains held by disulfide bridges, and there are three antiparallel beta-sheets in each domain. MK and PTN promote the growth, survival, and migration of various cells, and play roles in neurogenesis and epithelial(More)
Midkine (MK) is a new member of the heparin-binding neurotrophic factor family. MK plays important roles in development and carcinogenesis and has several important biological effects, including promotion of neurite extension and neuronal survival. However, the mechanism by which MK exerts its neurotrophic actions on neurons has not been elucidated to date.(More)
Cell migration in wound healing and disease is critically dependent on integration with the extracellular matrix, but the receptors that couple matrix topography to migratory behavior remain obscure. Using nano-engineered fibronectin surfaces and cell-derived matrices, we identify syndecan-4 as a key signaling receptor determining directional migration. In(More)
Basigin (Bsg) is a transmembrane glycoprotein with two immunoglobulin-like domains, and forms a family with embigin and neuroplastin. In these proteins a conserved glutamic acid is present in the middle for the transmembrane domain. Bsg is also called CD147 and EMMPRIN, and the symbol for the human basigin gene is BSG. BSG is located in chromosome 19 band(More)
By using three nonviral transfection methods, i.e., microparticle bombardment, lipofection and electroporation, the transfection efficiency and the expression intensity of a lacZ reporter gene were compared in developing chicken embryos in ovo. Of the three transfection methods employed, electroporation conferred the strongest expression of the bacterial(More)
Midkine (MK) is a 13 kDa heparin-binding polypeptide which enhances neurite outgrowth, neuronal cell survival and plasminogen activator activity. MK is structurally divided into two domains, and most of the biological activities are located on the C-terminal domain. The solution structures of the two domains were determined by NMR. Both domains consist of(More)