Takashi Moriya

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Elevated/activated myeloid leucocytes, like the CD14(+)CD16(+) monocytes are sources of TNF-α, and therefore, selective depletion of these cells by granulocyte/monocyte (GM) adsorption (GMA) should promote remission or enhance drug efficacy. However, studies in ulcerative colitis (UC) reported contrasting efficacy, from an 85% to(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this review to collate current leading scientific advances of molecular mechanisms in alcoholic liver diseases and to propose a working "hypothesis of seven balances" in relation to peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha), which has important roles in fatty acid oxidation, oxidative stress, inflammatory(More)
To ensure a continuing pipeline in pharmaceutical research, lead candidates must possess appropriate metabolic stability in the drug discovery process. In vitro ADMET (absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination, and toxicity) screening provides us with useful information regarding the metabolic stability of compounds. However, before the synthesis(More)
OBJECTIVES Sorafenib is the standard treatment for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with distant metastasis, unresectable HCC, and those refractory to transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) or with macroscopic vascular invasion (MVI). The application of sorafenib has been approved by the Japanese Government-sponsored Medicare for(More)
AIM To compare the outcome of 5-fluorouracil (FU)-based hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) with sorafenib monotherapy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) refractory to transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). PATIENTS AND METHODS In this retrospective cohort study, 123 patients with HCC refractory to TACE, with Child-Pugh A(More)
BACKGROUND The alteration of brain extracellular glucose after enteral nutrition (EN) remains unclear. In this study, we used brain microdialysis methods to estimate whether the physiologic elevation of plasma glucose following EN affects brain glucose metabolism of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients. METHODS Brain extracellular glucose,(More)
OBJECTIVE Few studies have reported factors that result in a better neurological outcome in patients with postcardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) following return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). We investigated the factors affecting neurological outcome in terms of both prehospital care and treatments after arrival at hospital in patients with PCAS. METHODS(More)
Polymorphisms in the inosine triphosphatase (ITPA) gene is associated with anemia induced by peg-interferon (PEG-IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV) treatment for patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However, the effect of ITPA polymorphism on sofosbuvir plus RBV treatment is unknown. Two hundred and forty-four patients with chronic HCV genotype 2(More)
The daily dose of ribavirin is currently determined based on body weight. In the present study, the authors examined factors influencing total plasma clearance (CL(total)) and the toxic level on red blood cells of ribavirin in such body weight-based dosage adjustment in Japanese chronic hepatitis C patients (13 male and 6 female). Patients received(More)
OBJECTIVES Patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease are increasing worldwide, and preventive measures are an urgent need and primary concern today. AIM This study aimed to develop and clarify the usefulness of the SHRSP5/Dmcr rat, derived from a stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat, as a novel animal model for time-course analysis of(More)