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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a widely prevalent (1-3%) chronic systemic disease thought to have an autoimmune component; both humoral and cellular mechanisms have been implicated. Primary osteoarthritis (OA) is considered to be distinct from rheumatoid arthritis, and here damage is thought to be secondary to cartilage degeneration. In rheumatoid arthritis,(More)
In the present study we used an adoptive transfer model with athymic nude mice to characterize the T cells involved in initiating and mediating skin allograft rejection. It was found that skin allograft rejection in nude mice required the transfer of immunocompetent T cells and that such reconstitution did not itself stimulate the appearance of T cells(More)
This study has characterized the primary T cell subpopulations that secrete IL-2 in response to recognition of either class I or class II MHC encoded determinants. The addition to culture of anti-IL-2-R mAb inhibited the consumption of IL-2 by activated lymphocytes during the response period, permitting a much more accurate assessment of the amount of IL-2(More)
This study characterizes the T helper (Th) cells that initiate primary cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses against allogeneic and trinitrophenyl (TNP)-modified self class I major histocompatibility (MHC) determinants. We show that two distinct Th cell subsets participate in allospecific CTL responses: (a) an L3T4+,Lyt-2- class II-restricted Th cell(More)
We show that an iterative demodulation with soft-decision feedback information from FEC de-coder can efficiently mitigate cycle slips. With 3% pilot insertion, the turbo QPSK demodulation achieves 1.05dB gain even in the presence of frequent cycle slips. This work may not be copied or reproduced in whole or in part for any commercial purpose. Permission to(More)
The T-cell subpopulations which initiate and mediate tissue allograft rejection remain controversial. In the present study we attempted to identify the phenotype and function of the T-cell subset(s) primarily responsible for the rejection of skin allografts differing at a single class I locus in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). We found that the(More)
The murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (MAIDS) caused by defective LP-BM5 murine leukemia virus (MuLV) is a disease that shows severe immunodeficiency with abnormal lymphoproliferation, and hypergammaglobulinemia in susceptible C57BL/6 (B6) mice. To examine the cellular mechanisms of development of MAIDS, we injected LP-BM5 MuLV intraperitoneally(More)
The present study further characterizes the cellular mechanisms involved in the in vivo rejection of MHC class I-disparate skin allografts. Previously, we demonstrated that class I-specific rejection responses could result from collaborations between distinct populations of lymphokine-secreting T helper (Th) and lymphokine-responsive T effector (Teff)(More)