Takashi Miyano

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Reductional chromosome segregation in germ cells, where sister chromatids are pulled to the same pole, accompanies the protection of cohesin at centromeres from separase cleavage. Here, we show that mammalian shugoshin Sgo2 is expressed in germ cells and is solely responsible for the centromeric localization of PP2A and the protection of cohesin Rec8 in(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of hyaluronic acid to improve the development of 1- and 2-cell porcine embryos to the blastocyst stage in a simple medium. In Experiment 1, we confirmed the ability of Whitten's medium supplemented with 15 mg/ml BSA to support the development of porcine embryos to the blastocyst stage under our(More)
A large number of oocytes are contained in the mammalian ovary. A very small number of these oocytes grow to the final size, mature, and are ovulated. In the ovary there are more early antral follicles than late antral or preovulatory follicles, offering a large pool of oocytes for IVM and IVF if appropriate culture conditions could be devised. In the(More)
The molecules involved in determining meiotic competence were determined in porcine oocytes isolated from preantral and antral follicles of different sizes. Oocytes isolated from preantral follicles had a mean diameter of 78 microns, contained diffuse filamentous chromatin in the germinal vesicle and were incapable of progressing from the G2 to the M phase(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) has been reported to be involved in oocyte maturation in all animals so far examined. In the present study we investigate the expression and localisation of active phosphorylated MAPKs (p44ERK1/p42ERK2) during maturation of pig oocytes. In immunoblot analysis using anti-p44ERK1 antibody which recognised both active(More)
This work focuses on the assembly and transformation of the spindle during the progression through the meiotic cell cycle. For this purpose, immunofluorescent confocal microscopy was used in comparative studies to determine the spatial distribution of alpha- and gamma-tubulin and nuclear mitotic apparatus protein (NuMA) from late G2 to the end of M phase in(More)
Preantral follicles containing oocytes of 70-89.5 microns in diameter were isolated from pig ovaries and cultured in collagen gel for up to 16 days, in the presence of serum, FSH and oestradiol. Formation of follicular antra occurred as the culture proceeded. The oocytes had been enclosed by granulosa cells and contacts between the oocytes and processes of(More)
Bovine oocytes (90 to 99 microns in diameter) were isolated from early antral follicles (0.5 to 0.7 mm in diameter). Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) with pieces of parietal granulosa were embedded in collagen gels and cultured for 14 d. After in vitro growth culture, oocytes recovered from the collagen gels were further matured, fertilized and cultured in(More)
Oocyte growth, maturation, and activation are complex processes that include transcription, heterochromatin formation, chromosome condensation and decondensation, two consecutive chromosome separations, and genomic imprinting. The objective of this study was to investigate changes in histone H3 modifications in relation to chromatin/chromosome morphology in(More)
The p38 MAPK is a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family that participates in a signaling cascade in response to cytokines and stress in somatic cells. The present study was designed to investigate the expression and possible function of p38 MAPK in porcine oocytes during maturation. In immunoblots, p38 MAPK was detected in oocytes and(More)