Takashi Miyake

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Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a common degenerative condition with high mortality in older men. Elective surgical or endovascular repair is performed to prevent rupture of large AAAs. In contrast, despite gradual expansion, small AAAs have a low risk of rupture, and there is currently no well-defined treatment strategy for them. Therefore, a(More)
Angiotensin (Ang) II exerts direct effects on the arterial wall to influence atherosclerosis and aneurysm development with the induction of vascular inflammation. Therefore, we examined the hypothesis that the inhibition of Ang II would decrease the expansion of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in a rat model. We used the Ang II receptor blocker (ARB)(More)
We evaluated the role of floral scents in the reproductive success of Alocasia odora C. Koch (Araceae). Alocasia odora is pollinated by its specific pollinators, Colocasiomyia alocasiae (Okada) and C. xenalocasiae (Okada) (Diptera: Drosophilidae). These flies use the spadix of A. odora as breeding sites. The appendix, which is at an upper part of the spadix(More)
Similarity among the floral scents of hawkmoth-pollinated plants was investigated with headspace samplings. Six of seven plant species belonging to different families were found to be rich in isoprenoids, among which linalool was the most common compound. Linalool showed rhythmicity with a nocturnal increase inLonicera japonica. These findings suggest that(More)
Recently, atherosclerosis has been considered to be the result of inflammation. Interestingly, hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme (HMG-Co) A inhibitors (statins), which are clinically used as lipid-lowering agents, have been reported to have various anti-inflammatory effects. As abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a common degenerative condition associated with(More)
Coevolutionary conflict among imprinted genes that influence traits such as offspring growth may arise when maternal and paternal genomes have different evolutionary optima. This conflict is expected in outcrossing taxa with multiple paternity, but not self-fertilizing taxa. MEDEA (MEA) is an imprinted plant gene that influences seed growth. Disagreement(More)
Background—Two phenomena, inflammation and matrix degradation, contribute to the progression of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Importantly, the inflammation is regulated by the transcription factor nuclear factor (NF)– B, whereas the destruction and degradation of elastin fibers by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are regulated by ets. Thus, we developed a(More)
We have investigated by first principles the electronic, vibrational, and structural properties of bct C4, a new form of crystalline sp{3} carbon recently found in molecular dynamics simulations of carbon nanotubes under pressure. This phase is transparent, dynamically stable at zero pressure, and more stable than graphite beyond 18.6 GPa. Coexistence of(More)
Cerebral aneurysm (CA) causes catastrophic subarachnoid hemorrhage which is characterized by a high mortality and morbidity rate. CA is a common disease worldwide but to date there is no medical treatment against unruptured CAs. Thus, it is important to study the mechanisms of CA formation. Our previous report demonstrated that chronic inflammatory response(More)
Currently, there is no effective clinical treatment to prevent abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). To develop a novel therapeutic approach, we modified decoy oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) against nuclear factor κB (NFκB) and ets, to a ribbon-shaped circular structure without chemical modification, to increase its resistance to endonuclease for systemic(More)