Learn More
Sonic hedgehog (Shh) function is essential for patterning and cell fate specification, particularly in ventral regions of the central nervous system. It is also a crucial mitogen for cerebellar granule neuron precursors and is important in maintenance of the stem cell niche in the postnatal telencephalon. Although it has been reported that Shh is expressed(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C) plays an important role in lymphangiogenesis and activates VEGF receptor 3 (VEGFR-3). By contrast, lymphatic spread is an important prognostic factor in patients with nonsmall cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). The objective of the current study was to determine whether the expression of VEGF-C and VEGFR-3(More)
Previous studies have shown that the interaction of positive and inhibitory signals plays a crucial role during lung branching morphogenesis. We found that in mesenchyme-free conditions, the lung epithelium exerted a lateral inhibitory effect on the neighbouring epithelium via depletion of fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1). Contrary to previous suggestions,(More)
The aim of this study was to provide cytogenetic data about squamous cell carcinomas of the lung and to evaluate their characteristic alterations and histogenetic relations. We analyzed 41 squamous cell lung carcinomas by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) technique. CGH was performed using directly fluorochrome-conjugated DNA. Chromosomal regions(More)
The matrix protein M1 of influenza A virus forms a shell beneath the viral envelope and sustains the virion architecture by interacting with other viral components. A structural change of M1 upon acidification of the virion interior in an early stage of virus infection is considered to be a key step to virus uncoating. We examined the structure of a 28-mer(More)
Molecular oxygen is essential for metazoan life. Hypoxia, a reduced oxygen condition, induces systemic and cellular responses for acclimation to the limited oxygen availability. Multicellularity of metazoans is maintained on extracellular matrices. Previously, we demonstrated that acute hypoxia up-regulated the prolyl 4-hydroxylase alpha(I) subunit, the(More)
Transcatheter arterial embolization was performed on a patient with hepatoma complicated by obstructive jaundice after the patient's condition had been improved by percutaneous biliary drainage. As a result of the embolization, a reduction in size was observed in both the main tumor and the tumor that had invaded the common bile duct. Even after removing(More)
It has been suggested that the Turing reaction-diffusion model on a growing domain is applicable during limb development, but experimental evidence for this hypothesis has been lacking. In the present study, we found that in Doublefoot mutant mice, which have supernumerary digits due to overexpansion of the limb bud, thin digits exist in the proximal part(More)
It has been postulated that fibroblast growth factor (FGF) treatment of cultured limb bud mesenchyme cells reinforces the lateral inhibitory effect, but the cells also show accelerated pattern appearance. In the present study, we analyze how a small change in a specific parameter affects the speed of pattern appearance in a Turing reaction-diffusion system(More)
The aim of the present review is to provide a comprehensive explanation of Turing reaction-diffusion systems in sufficient detail to allow readers to perform numerical calculations themselves. The reaction-diffusion model is widely studied in the field of mathematical biology, serves as a powerful paradigm model for self-organization and is beginning to be(More)