Takashi Miura

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The Turing, or reaction-diffusion (RD), model is one of the best-known theoretical models used to explain self-regulated pattern formation in the developing animal embryo. Although its real-world relevance was long debated, a number of compelling examples have gradually alleviated much of the skepticism surrounding the model. The RD model can generate a(More)
Sonic hedgehog (Shh) function is essential for patterning and cell fate specification, particularly in ventral regions of the central nervous system. It is also a crucial mitogen for cerebellar granule neuron precursors and is important in maintenance of the stem cell niche in the postnatal telencephalon. Although it has been reported that Shh is expressed(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C) plays an important role in lymphangiogenesis and activates VEGF receptor 3 (VEGFR-3). By contrast, lymphatic spread is an important prognostic factor in patients with nonsmall cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). The objective of the current study was to determine whether the expression of VEGF-C and VEGFR-3(More)
Molecular oxygen is essential for metazoan life. Hypoxia, a reduced oxygen condition, induces systemic and cellular responses for acclimation to the limited oxygen availability. Multicellularity of metazoans is maintained on extracellular matrices. Previously, we demonstrated that acute hypoxia up-regulated the prolyl 4-hydroxylase alpha(I) subunit, the(More)
Quinones are a group of highly reactive organic chemical species that interact with biological systems to promote inflammatory, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer actions and to induce toxicities. This review describes the chemistry, biochemistry, and cellular effects of 1,2- and 1,4-naphthoquinones and their derivatives. The naphthoquinones are of(More)
Sex steroid hormones have been widely detected in molluscs, and experiments have shown the importance of sex steroids in sex determination, gonadal tissue maturation and gametogenesis. Nevertheless, the signaling pathways of sex steroids in invertebrates have not yet been elucidated. In order to gain insights into the mechanism of sex steroid signaling in(More)
The matrix protein M1 of influenza A virus forms a shell beneath the viral envelope and sustains the virion architecture by interacting with other viral components. A structural change of M1 upon acidification of the virion interior in an early stage of virus infection is considered to be a key step to virus uncoating. We examined the structure of a 28-mer(More)
Previous studies have shown that the interaction of positive and inhibitory signals plays a crucial role during lung branching morphogenesis. We found that in mesenchyme-free conditions, the lung epithelium exerted a lateral inhibitory effect on the neighbouring epithelium via depletion of fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1). Contrary to previous suggestions,(More)
Skull sutures serve as growth centers whose function involves multiple molecular pathways. During periods of brain growth the sutures remain thin and straight, later developing complex fractal interdigitations that provide interlocking strength. The nature of the relationship between the molecular interactions and suture pattern formation is not understood.(More)
To experimentally examine whether the pattern changes predicted by theoretical models of pattern formation actually occur in a limb bud cell culture system, we developed a practical method to automatically measure the periodicity of chondrogenic patterns in vitro. The method utilizes binary image processing to quantify the total number of peak and valley(More)