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SUMMARY This paper describes a new method for detection and tracking of moving objects from a moving camera image sequence using robust estimation and active contour models. We assume that the apparent background motion between two consecutive image frames can be approximated by affine transformation. In order to register the static background, we estimate(More)
The human auditory system is adapted to integrate temporally successive sounds into meaningful entities, that is, acoustic information units. Hence, sound sequences falling within the temporal window of integration should be coded holistically as unitary representations in the human auditory cortex. Although it is well established that the auditory system(More)
The flow of time in the real world may differ from the one in the neural representation of auditory scene stored in the sensory memory, because the encoded information is free from the rule of actual time. The sensory memory underlying the automatic discriminative system is reflected by the mismatch negativity (MMN). The time-wise image of preceding sounds(More)
The present study addresses the difference in activities of frontal and temporal mismatch negativity (MMN) generators between healthy controls and schizophrenic patients. Auditory MMNs were measured from 13 medicated schizophrenic patients in a post-acute phase and 12 healthy controls. The probabilities of the standard stimuli were, in different(More)
We investigated why surgery alone provides for a benign clinical course in patients with desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma and astrocytoma (DIG/A). The clinical course of 4, less than six-month-old girls, surgically treated at our institutions, was evaluated retrospectively. All presented with the clinical symptom of increasing head circumference. CT and(More)
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is claimed to be a distinct disease entity from multiple sclerosis (MS) because of its strong association with NMO-IgG/anti-AQP4 antibody; however, the in vivo role of the antibody remains unknown. Therefore, we aimed to clarify whether the presence of anti-AQP4 antibody is associated with any abnormalities in multimodality-evoked(More)
In order to investigate the trait and state aspects of Mismatch negativity (MMN) amplitude reduction in schizophrenia, auditory MMNs were measured from 13 schizophrenic patients on two occasions, initially when they showed acute exacerbation and later when their symptoms improved. Patients exhibited reduced mean amplitude of the MMN recorded at Fz. There(More)
The auditory gamma-band transient oscillatory response has been considered to reflect early cognitive processing and attention triggering, as has been suggested of the mismatch negativity (MMN). We examined whether the auditory gamma-band response was related to sensory memory as reflected by MMN. During the electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings,(More)
A retrospective survey revealed 37 cases (1.1%) of deep surgical-site infection (SSI) among 3,462 instrumented spinal surgeries between 2004 and 2008. Excluding 8 patients who were unclassifiable, we categorized 29 patients into 3 groups of similar backgrounds-thoracolumbar degenerative disease (the DEG group; n = 15), osteoporotic vertebral collapse (the(More)