Takashi Matsunaga

Learn More
In order to reveal the precise degree of injury in the pyramidal tract after stroke, we studied 35 patients with motor deficit associated with cerebrovascular disease of the internal capsule using the T2-weighted coronal image along the 'pyramidal line'. According to the severity of the motor deficit, the patients were divided into three groups. The(More)
How does a doctor make a diagnosis based on his medical knowledge? A hypothesis is proposed concerning the diagnostic method of specialized doctors. The knowledge provided by an authority is used to establish a diagnostic system for headache and facial pain named RHINOS. RHINOS is based on the above hypothesis as represented by the programming language(More)
In 28 patients with definite multiple sclerosis (MS) and 21 patients with a functionally complete transection of the spinal cord sympathetic skin responses (SSR) from both the palms and soles were studied. In the patients with a complete transection at T3 or 4, SSRs were impaired in the palms as well as the soles, and most patients with a transection at T11(More)
How do doctors make diagnoses based on their medical knowledge? In this paper a hypothesis is proposed concerning a diagnostic method used by doctors. The knowledge for the hypothesis has been provided by an authority In the field of medicine, and a diagnostic system for headache and facial pain, named RHINOS, has been implemented using the programming(More)
We report an autopsy case of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS). The patient was a Japanese woman with hereditary burden. Family history revealed 12 patients with FALS over four generations. She developed muscle weakness of the proximal part of the upper extremities at age 42, followed by dysarthria, dysphagia, muscle weakness and atrophy in the(More)
From April 2001 to November 2003, we investigated 8 patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) that was suspected to simultaneously affect both the horizontal and posterior semicircular canals (HSCC and PSCC). These cases showed typical vertical-torsional nystagmus induced by the Dix-Hallpike maneuver, followed by a horizontal nystagmus. They(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus-associated Guillain-Barré syndrome typically occurs early in HIV infection before AIDS develops. We report a 56-year-old male AIDS patient, who developed overlapping Fisher/Guillain-Barré syndrome despite markedly decreased CD4 cell counts. Serum anti-GQ1b IgG antibody was positive. His condition improved rapidly after(More)
BACKGROUND Recent technological advances have stimulated the development of endoscopic optical biopsy technologies. This study compared the accuracy of endoscopic diagnosis using magnifying narrow-band imaging (NBI) and histologic diagnosis of esophageal squamous lesions. METHODS Patients at high risk for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were examined(More)
Using magnetic resonance imaging, we studied 23 patients with motor deficit associated with cerebrovascular disease of the internal capsule. According to the severity of the motor deficits, 23 patients were divided into three groups (severe group...9, moderately severe group...8, mild group...6). A coronal T2-weighted image was obtained along a straight(More)
This report concerns two rare autopsy cases of methotrexate (MTX)-related leukoencephalopathy without radiation therapy. In the first case, there were widespread necrotic foci with prominent spheroids, that is, disseminated necrotizing leukoencephalopathy (DNL), mainly in the cerebral white matter. In contrast, in the second case, there were widespread(More)