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1 Introduction Various methods have been proposed to solve magnetoencephalographic inverse problems although the problem itself is ill-posed and in principle infinite number of solutions are possible. Among them, the simplest method is the single dipole in a spherical head model, which has been practically used in a lot of papers to get the dipoles(More)
This paper introduces an effective mesh smoothing method for 3D noisy shapes via the adaptive MMSE (minimum mean squared error) filter. The adaptive MMSE filter is applied to modify the face normals of triangle meshes and then mesh vertex positions are reconstructed in order to satisfy the modified normals. We also compare quantitatively and visually the(More)
The large-scale circulation, often called "wind," in the confined thermal turbulence of mercury is studied experimentally. The instantaneous velocity profile at 128 points is directly measured using ultrasonic velocimetry. The periodic velocity oscillation is observed in the case of the aspect-ratio Gamma = 1,2 but not in Gamma = 0.5. Its peak frequency is(More)
The flexible chainlike walker (FCW) model is proposed as a minimal model of a deformable moving object and as an extension of the regular random-walk model. The many-body system of FCWs is studied by numerical simulations on a square lattice. It is shown that FCWs aggregate spontaneously and irreversibly where no adherence is assumed, in contrast to the(More)
Using ultrasonic velocimetry we measured the vertical profile of the velocity fluctuation in high-Rayleigh-number thermal convection in a cell with aspect ratio of 0.5, filled with a low-Prandtl-number fluid, mercury. The intriguing fluctuating dynamics of the mean flow and universal nature of the kinetic energy cascade are elucidated utilizing spectral(More)
Several versions of the " flexible chainlike walker " (FCW) model are proposed and investigated by numerical simulations on a square lattice. It is shown that the " original " FCWs aggregate spontaneously and irreversibly, where no adherence is assumed, triggered by " mutual locking ". This is in complete contrast to established aggregation models which(More)
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