Takashi Maruyama

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Surgical management and strategies for the supplementary motor area (SMA) epilepsy are described. The following is our preoperative evaluations. The steps include functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), interictal dipole tracing (DT), subdural electrodes mapping, measurements of movement-related cortical potential (MRCP), and the use of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Comparative evaluation of diagnostic efficacy of stereotactic brain biopsy performed with and without additional use of spectroscopic imaging ((1)H-MRS) for target selection was done. METHODS From 2002 to 2006, 30 patients with parenchymal brain lesions underwent (1)H-MRS-supported frame-based stereotactic biopsy, whereas in 39 others MRI-guided(More)
OBJECT Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) is becoming a standard treatment for vestibular schwannoma (VS); it is ranked with microsurgery from the perspective of tumor control and audiofacial nerve function preservation. A new treatment technique that will improve the tumor shrinkage ratio, shorten the patient's recovery time, and even recover some cranial nerve(More)
Photodynamic diagnosis is used during glioma surgery. Although some studies have shown that the spectrum of fluorescence was efficient for precise tumor diagnosis, previous methods to characterize the spectrum have been problematic, which can lead to misdiagnosis. In this paper, we introduce a comparison technique to characterize spectrum from pathology and(More)
We have developed an integrated diagnosis and therapeutic system for precision malignant gliomas resection during neurosurgery. A combination of three-dimensional (3-D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) navigation and 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)-induced fluorescence based intra-operative tumor diagnosis technique has been incorporated into a robotic laser(More)
We have recently developed a new transgenic rat line expressing an arginine vasopressin (AVP)-enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) fusion gene. The AVP-eGFP transgene is expressed in the paraventricular (PVN) and supraoptic (SON) nuclei and the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus. Transgene expression in the PVN and SON showed an(More)
We have reported that supraoptic nucleus (SON) neurones are excited by prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) presumably via dual postsynaptic PG receptors, FP receptors and unidentified EP receptors, and that presynaptic EP receptors may also be involved in the excitation. In the present study, to clarify the receptor mechanism of the PGE2-mediated actions on SON(More)
The molecular mechanisms that direct transcription of the gene encoding the transcription factor Foxp3 in CD4(+) T cells remain ill-defined. We show here that deletion of the DNA-binding inhibitor Id3 resulted in the defective generation of Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (T(reg) cells). We identify two transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-dependent(More)
OBJECT The purpose of this study was to establish a standard curve to demonstrate normal age-related changes in the proportion of intracranial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) space in intracranial volume (ICV) during each decade of life. METHODS Using volumetric computerized tomography (CT) scanning and computer-guided volume measurement software, ICV and(More)
It has been known that lesions in the left inferior frontal gyrus (L. IFG) do not always cause Broca's aphasia, casting doubt upon the specificity of this region. We have previously devised a picture-sentence matching task for a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, and observed that both pars triangularis (L. F3t) of L. IFG (extending to pars(More)