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We present an analysis of atmospheric neutrino data from a 33.0 kiloton-year (535-day) exposure of the Super{Kamiokande detector. The data exhibit a zenith angle dependent decit of muon neutrinos which is inconsistent with expectations based on calculations of the atmospheric neutrino ux. Experimental biases and uncertainties in the prediction of neutrino(More)
A bacterium capable of degrading microcystins-RR, -YR, and -LR was isolated from a hypertrophic lake. The bacterium, designated Y2 and classified phenotypically as a member of the genus Sphingomonas, was shown to be distinct phylogenetically from any established species of Sphingomonas on the basis of 16S rDNA sequencing. The bacterium was tentatively(More)
The occurrence of free D-amino acids and aspartate racemases in several hyperthermophilic archaea was investigated. Aspartic acid in all the hyperthermophilic archaea was highly racemized. The ratio of D-aspartic acid to total aspartic acid was in the range of 43.0 to 49.1%. The crude extracts of the hyperthermophiles exhibited aspartate racemase activity(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with Parkinson's disease have been reported to have retrospective memory impairment, while prospective memory, which is memory for actions to be performed in the future, has not yet been investigated. OBJECTIVE To investigate the prospective memory of patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS Twenty Parkinson's disease patients and(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are stably detectable in blood and can serve as useful biomarkers for cancer. METHODS We performed an miRNA array using serum samples obtained from oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients or healthy controls. MiR-1246 was the most markedly elevated in ESCC patients. Therefore,(More)
A suppressant effect of intracellular free Ca2+ on the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-induced chloride inward current (ICI(GABA)) was studied in isolated frog sensory neurones under whole cell voltage clamp. Voltage-dependent Ca2+ influx elicited during the steady state of ICI(GABA)-induced a fast, slowly recovering current relaxation in the outward(More)
1. The kinetic properties of the activation and inactivation (desensitization) phases of pentobarbitone (PB)-induced inward Cl- current (ICl) were studied in isolated frog sensory neurones, following suppression of Na+, K+ and Ca2+ currents, using the concentration jump technique which combines the internal perfusion and the rapid exchange of the external(More)
Synchronization between the environmental lighting cycle and the circadian clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is correlated with Ca2+ increase. The mechanism underlying the increase of Ca2+ and its relation to clock resetting are unknown. To address these issues, we examined the possibility whether inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3-R),(More)
  • T Maruyama
  • 2000
The neuropsychological impairments associated with Parkinson's disease(PD) have been often documented. However, the pathological mechanisms underlying cognitive dysfunction are hardly solved, as compared with motor dysfunction. Moreover, the precise relationships between the two dysfunctions have remained aloof. This paper attempts to clarify three specific(More)
The K2K experiment observes indications of neutrino oscillation: a reduction of nu(mu) flux together with a distortion of the energy spectrum. Fifty-six beam neutrino events are observed in Super-Kamiokande (SK), 250 km from the neutrino production point, with an expectation of 80.1(+6.2)(-5.4). Twenty-nine one ring mu-like events are used to reconstruct(More)