Takashi Maruyama

Learn More
Computed tomography(CT) has been established as an important diagnostic tool in clinical medicine and has become a major source of medical exposure. A nationwide survey regarding CT examinations was carried out in Japan in 2000. CT units per million people in Japan numbered 87.8. The annual number of examinations was 0.1 million in those 0-14 years old,(More)
Benidipine inhibits both L- and T-type Ca channels, and has been shown to dilate the efferent arterioles as effectively as the afferent arterioles. In this study, we conducted an open-label and randomized trial to compare the effects of benidipine with those of amlodipine on blood pressure (BP), albuminuria and aldosterone concentration in hypertensive(More)
The molecular mechanisms by which signaling via transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and interleukin 4 (IL-4) control the differentiation of CD4(+) IL-9-producing helper T cells (TH9 cells) remain incompletely understood. We found here that the DNA-binding inhibitor Id3 regulated TH9 differentiation, as deletion of Id3 increased IL-9 production from CD4(+)(More)
The molecular mechanisms directing the development of TCRαβ+CD8αα+ intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL) are not thoroughly understood. Here we show that transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) controls the development of TCRαβ+CD8αα+ IEL. Mice with either a TGF-β1 null mutation or a T cell-specific deletion of the TGF-β receptor I lacked TCRαβ+CD8αα+(More)
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a major public health concern. The recent identification of the mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling pathway as a highly prevalent molecular signature underlying HNSCC pathogenesis has provided the foundation to search for novel therapeutic approaches to prevent and treat HNSCC. Here, we asked whether metformin,(More)
OBJECTIVE Comparative evaluation of diagnostic efficacy of stereotactic brain biopsy performed with and without additional use of spectroscopic imaging ((1)H-MRS) for target selection was done. METHODS From 2002 to 2006, 30 patients with parenchymal brain lesions underwent (1)H-MRS-supported frame-based stereotactic biopsy, whereas in 39 others MRI-guided(More)
Harnessing regulatory T (Treg) cells is a promising approach for treating autoimmune disease. However, inducing antigen-specific Treg cells that target inflammatory immune cells without compromising beneficial immune responses has remained an unmet challenge. We developed a pathway to generate autoantigen-specific Treg cells in vivo, which showed(More)
OBJECTIVE Mitiglinide, a rapid- and short-acting insulinotropic sulfonylurea receptor ligand, exhibits hypoglycemic action unlike other sulfonylureas. The efficacy of the combination of mitiglinide and alpha-glucosidase inhibitors for diabetic patients on hemodialysis (HD) has not been prospectively evaluated; therefore, we evaluated the efficacy and safety(More)
Benidipine, an L- and T-type calcium channel blocker, dilates both efferent and afferent arterioles and reduces glomerular pressure. Thus, it may exert renoprotective effects. We conducted an open-labeled, randomized trial to compare the blood pressure (BP)-lowering effect and antiproteinuric effect of benidipine with those of amlodipine in hypertensive(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of the neurochemical navigation with 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) during intraoperative MRI (iMRI)-guided resection of the intracranial malignant gliomas. METHODS The analysis included 99 consecutive surgical cases. Resection of the bulk of the neoplasm was mainly guided by the updated neuronavigation based on the(More)