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We present an analysis of atmospheric neutrino data from a 33.0 kiloton-year (535-day) exposure of the Super{Kamiokande detector. The data exhibit a zenith angle dependent decit of muon neutrinos which is inconsistent with expectations based on calculations of the atmospheric neutrino ux. Experimental biases and uncertainties in the prediction of neutrino(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with Parkinson's disease have been reported to have retrospective memory impairment, while prospective memory, which is memory for actions to be performed in the future, has not yet been investigated. OBJECTIVE To investigate the prospective memory of patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS Twenty Parkinson's disease patients and(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are stably detectable in blood and can serve as useful biomarkers for cancer. METHODS We performed an miRNA array using serum samples obtained from oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients or healthy controls. MiR-1246 was the most markedly elevated in ESCC patients. Therefore,(More)
The neuropsychological impairments associated with Parkinson's disease(PD) have been often documented. However, the pathological mechanisms underlying cognitive dysfunction are hardly solved, as compared with motor dysfunction. Moreover, the precise relationships between the two dysfunctions have remained aloof. This paper attempts to clarify three specific(More)
The up-regulation of c-fos gene expression is widely used as a marker of neuronal activation elicited by various stimuli. Anatomically precise observation of c-fos gene products can be achieved at the RNA level by in situ hybridisation or at the protein level by immunocytochemistry. Both of these methods are time and labour intensive. We have developed a(More)
The objective of the present study was an evaluation of the incidence and risk factors for erroneous histopathological diagnosis of low-grade glioma after stereotactic biopsy. Twenty-eight tumors diagnosed as low-grade glioma after stereotactic biopsy and surgically resected thereafter were analyzed. There were 13 astrocytomas, 7 oligodendrogliomas, and 8(More)
Surgical management and strategies for the supplementary motor area (SMA) epilepsy are described. The following is our preoperative evaluations. The steps include functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), interictal dipole tracing (DT), subdural electrodes mapping, measurements of movement-related cortical potential (MRCP), and the use of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of the neurochemical navigation with 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) during intraoperative MRI (iMRI)-guided resection of the intracranial malignant gliomas. METHODS The analysis included 99 consecutive surgical cases. Resection of the bulk of the neoplasm was mainly guided by the updated neuronavigation based on the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Positron-emission tomography (PET) is a useful tool in oncology. The aim of this study was to assess the metabolic activity of gliomas using (11)C-methionine (MET), [(18)F] fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), and (11)C-choline (CHO) PET and to explore the correlation between the metabolic activity and histopathologic features. MATERIALS AND(More)
OBJECTIVE Comparative evaluation of diagnostic efficacy of stereotactic brain biopsy performed with and without additional use of spectroscopic imaging ((1)H-MRS) for target selection was done. METHODS From 2002 to 2006, 30 patients with parenchymal brain lesions underwent (1)H-MRS-supported frame-based stereotactic biopsy, whereas in 39 others MRI-guided(More)