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Few data are available on the response of the human immune system to acute psychological stressors under controlled laboratory conditions. Young female subjects (21-41 years) showed increases in natural killer (NK) cell activity, and in the numbers of circulating CD8 suppressor/cytotoxic T cells, and natural killer lymphocytes following a brief (12 minute)(More)
Based on prior observations that both beta-endorphin and exercise stimulate natural killer (NK) cell activity, we have examined the hypothesis that the release of endogenous opioids during the stress of acute exercise may mediate this NK cell augmentation. Eight healthy young women underwent a maximal bicycle ergometer exercise test with prior in vivo(More)
Gender-related differences in humans are commonly observed in behaviour, physical activity, disease, and lifespan. However, the notion that age-related changes in the immune system differ between men and women remains controversial. To elucidate the relationship between immunological changes and lifespan, peripheral blood mononuclear cells from healthy(More)
Splenic T-cells and macrophages (adherent cells) from zinc-deficient (ZD) mice and pair-fed (PF) control mice were isolated, purified and recombined in defined proportions to evaluate the contribution of each cell type to impaired mitogenesis. The results of cell crossover experiments revealed that the observed depression in T-cell proliferation in the ZD(More)
The template activity of DNA with calf thymus DNA polymerase has been studied in sections of fixed brain, liver, and heart tissues from young and senescent mice. The enzyme catalyzed greater incorporation of deoxyribonucleotide monophosphates into nuclei of old mouse neurons, astrocytes, Kupffer cells, and heart muscle fibers. The results are interpreted as(More)
The effect of various immunosuppressive treatments on mean life-span and disease incidence have been studied. Significant life shortening was seen only in mice which recieved X-irradiation early in life and can be ascribed primarily to an increased incidence of certain malignancies. Marginal life shortening was seen in cyclophosphamide-treated animals,(More)
The late effects of various immunosuppressive insults on cell-mediated immunity in mice were studied in an attempt to assess the role of immune surveillance in the aging process. Results were obtained using susceptibility to allogeneic tumor cell challenge, graft-versus-host reaction (GVHR), blastogenic response to PHA, a thymus derived T cell-specific(More)