Takashi Makinodan

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Gender-related differences in humans are commonly observed in behaviour, physical activity, disease, and lifespan. However, the notion that age-related changes in the immune system differ between men and women remains controversial. To elucidate the relationship between immunological changes and lifespan, peripheral blood mononuclear cells from healthy(More)
Few data are available on the response of the human immune system to acute psychological stressors under controlled laboratory conditions. Young female subjects (21-41 years) showed increases in natural killer (NK) cell activity, and in the numbers of circulating CD8 suppressor/cytotoxic T cells, and natural killer lymphocytes following a brief (12 minute)(More)
In order to better understand the apparent physiologic up-regulation in response to low levels of potentially lethal insults, murine T lymphocytes were analysed for functional and phenotypic alterations after exposure to 0.005 Gy/day, 0.01 Gy/day and 0.04 Gy/day in groups of ad-libitum-fed and calorie-restricted mice. These studies were conducted in two(More)
Based on prior observations that both beta-endorphin and exercise stimulate natural killer (NK) cell activity, we have examined the hypothesis that the release of endogenous opioids during the stress of acute exercise may mediate this NK cell augmentation. Eight healthy young women underwent a maximal bicycle ergometer exercise test with prior in vivo(More)
The decline in immunity in the elderly has largely been attributed to impairment of T cell mechanisms. This seems reasonable since the thymus involutes with age, so that the number of naïve cells to respond to new foreign antigens also declines. However, little is known about how aging affects antigen-presenting cells (APC) that are responsible for the(More)
The decrease in T-cell proliferation with age is due, in part, to the decline in the production of IL-2. Since IL-1 is needed to trigger IL-2 production, we determined the IL-1 producing capacity of peritoneal macrophages of young (2-4 months) and old (24-26 months) BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice. Mice were stimulated with LPS, and their peritoneal macrophages(More)
The decline in immunity seen in the elderly is a significant contributor to disease burden. This decline has largely been attributed to alterations in T cell immunity and contributes to an overall increased risk and severity of infection in the elderly. A key component of T cell immunity involves antigen presentation, an event where an antigen is processed(More)
The intricate cause of the aging process in humans and animals, at present a matter of intense speculation, has given rise to many theories. Despite its uncertain cause, aging constitutes the most significant and universal problem confronting physicians today. Age-related physiologic deterioration and age-associated diseases are of immense concern to(More)
OBJECTIVE In Los Angeles County and Orange County, 98% of Asians with tuberculosis (TB) were foreign born; newly arrived Vietnamese immigrants had the highest TB risk: i.e. > 100 times higher than that of the USA. The study objective was to find ways to reduce the high incidence of tuberculosis among the Vietnamese by: (1) identifying and understanding the(More)
Very low doses of ionizing radiation can enhance immune responsiveness and extend life span in normal mice. Total lymphoid irradiation at relatively high doses of radiation can retard autoimmune disease in genetically susceptible mice, but may impair immune function. In order to determine whether fractionated low dose exposure would enhance immune response(More)