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Gender-related differences in humans are commonly observed in behaviour, physical activity, disease, and lifespan. However, the notion that age-related changes in the immune system differ between men and women remains controversial. To elucidate the relationship between immunological changes and lifespan, peripheral blood mononuclear cells from healthy(More)
Few data are available on the response of the human immune system to acute psychological stressors under controlled laboratory conditions. Young female subjects (21-41 years) showed increases in natural killer (NK) cell activity, and in the numbers of circulating CD8 suppressor/cytotoxic T cells, and natural killer lymphocytes following a brief (12 minute)(More)
The decline in immunity in the elderly has largely been attributed to impairment of T cell mechanisms. This seems reasonable since the thymus involutes with age, so that the number of naïve cells to respond to new foreign antigens also declines. However, little is known about how aging affects antigen-presenting cells (APC) that are responsible for the(More)
Aging is associated with a progressive decline in T cell-mediated immune responses. Little is known about the effect of aging on antigen presenting cells (APC). We have recently reported an age-related decline in proliferative response of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from elderly volunteers to Staphylococcus enterotoxin B (SEB). Since SEB-induced(More)
Recent studies on space flights suggest that certain T cell immunologic activities are vulnerable to microgravitation. It would be desirable to know the extent to which these changes can be prevented or reversed. Since the changes observed are analogous to the effects of aging on immunity, a brief overview is presented of our current knowledge of(More)
Reflective of age-associated decline in immune function among elderly individuals is a decrease in in vitro T cell proliferative ability. Impaired T cell proliferation in the elderly may result from disruption of the well-balanced network of regulatory cytokines produced during an immune response. The purpose of this study was to identify age-related(More)
Natural killer (NK) cell activity declines with age in mice. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of peritoneal and splenic adherent cells from young and old mice on NK activity to determine whether adherent cell suppressor function might contribute to this decline. Peritoneal adherent cells from old mice suppressed NK activity of young(More)
The enhancing effect of 2-ME on the primary antibody forming capacity of young and old mice from 5 strains and hybrids was investigated by assessing the number of hemolytic antibody-forming spleen cells in response to sheep RBC stimulation. The following results were obtained: (1) the optimum dose of 2-ME is 4 micrograms per mouse; (2) the best time to(More)