Takashi Kuramoto

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The laboratory rat is one of the most extensively studied model organisms. Inbred laboratory rat strains originated from limited Rattus norvegicus founder populations, and the inherited genetic variation provides an excellent resource for the correlation of genotype to phenotype. Here, we report a survey of genetic variation based on almost 3 million newly(More)
BACKGROUND Although the rat is extensively used as a laboratory model, the inability to utilize germ line-competent rat embryonic stem (ES) cells has been a major drawback for studies that aim to elucidate gene functions. Recently, zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs) were successfully used to create genome-specific double-stranded breaks and thereby induce(More)
The groggy rat (strain name; GRY) exhibits ataxia, an unstable gait, and paroxysmal severe extension of the entire body. Adults show a reduction in size of the cerebellum and presynaptic and axon terminal abnormalities of Purkinje cells. These neurological abnormalities are inherited in an autosomal recessive manner, and the causative mutation has been(More)
Albino and hooded (or piebald) rats are one of the most frequently used laboratory animals for the past 150 years. Despite this fact, the origin of the albino mutation as well as the genetic basis of the hooded phenotype remained unclear. Recently, the albino mutation has been identified as the Arg299His missense mutation in the Tyrosinase gene and the(More)
The dmy rat is an autosomal recessive mutant that exhibits severe myelin destruction throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Recently, a point mutation in intron 3 of the Mrs2 has been found in the dmy rat. Mrs2 encodes an essential component of the major electrophoretic Mg(2+) influx system in mitochondria of yeast as well as human(More)
Identification of etiology of human cancers is important for effective cancer prevention, and attempts to estimate the roles of a variety of environmental carcinogens in human cancers are being made. Here, we applied cDNA microarray technology to estimate whether gene expression profiles of cancers would reflect their etiology. Using rat mammary carcinoma(More)
BACKGROUND The National Bio Resource Project for the Rat in Japan (NBRP-Rat) is focusing on collecting, preserving and distributing various rat strains, including spontaneous mutant, transgenic, congenic, and recombinant inbred (RI) strains. To evaluate their value as models of human diseases, we are characterizing them using 109 phenotypic parameters, such(More)
Prior to the advent of genetic engineering in the mouse, the rat was the model of choice for investigating the etiology of cancer. Now, recent advances in the manipulation of the rat genome, combined with a growing recognition of the physiological differences between mice and rats, have reignited interest in the rat as a model of human cancer. Two recently(More)
Hmx1 is a homeodomain transcription factor expressed in the developing eye, peripheral ganglia, and branchial arches of avian and mammalian embryos. Recent studies have identified a loss-of-function allele at the HMX1 locus as the causative mutation in the oculo-auricular syndrome (OAS) in humans, characterized by ear and eye malformations. The mouse dumbo(More)
Rats homozygous for the spontaneous cerebellar vermis defect mutation (cvd) or hobble mutation (hob) exhibit cerebellar and midbrain defects, possibly as a result of abnormal neuronal migration. Both mutant rats demonstrate laminar structure abnormalities in the fused cerebellar hemispheres and ectopic cerebellar tissues in the cerebello-pontine junction.(More)