Takashi Kitayama

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Zona pellucida, a transparent envelope surrounding the mammalian oocyte, plays major roles in fertilization and consists of three or four glycoproteins. Primary structures, and especially the positions of cysteine (Cys) residues in the zona glycoproteins, are well conserved among mammals. In this study, we analyzed the disulfide linkages of pig ZP3 and ZP4(More)
Zerumbone is a cyclic seaquiterpene and, a potential resource for natural materials-related diversity-oriented synthesis (NMRDOS). Zerumbone, the main component of the essential oil of a wild ginger, Zingiber zerumbet Smith, showed strong reactivity with good chemo-, regio-, and stereoselectivity. To build the foundations for the industrial use of(More)
Recent evidence suggests that the machinery of protein synthesis may provide novel targets for anticancer drugs. For example, aberrations in protein synthesis are commonly encountered in established cancers, and disruption by mutation or overexpression of translation factors can cause cellular transformation. We previously demonstrated that the activity of(More)
New imidazole compounds were synthesized to develop a novel and effective antibacterial agent (1-benzyl-3-cetyl-2-methylimidazolium iodide, NH125). In vitro experiments demonstrated that NH125 effectively inhibited a number of different histidine protein kinases. Furthermore, oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (ORSA), vancomycin-resistant(More)
Zerumbone ring-opening derivative, 4 (10E/10Z=3/2), inhibited autophosphorylation of the essential histidine-kinase YycG existing in Bacillus subtilis constituting a two-component system (TCS). Generation of 4E-form could be regulated chemically using the difference from the ring-opening reactivity of the precursor forming of 4 and pure 4E was isolated. The(More)
We demonstrated in vitro that YycG-YycF of Bacillus subtilis constitutes a two-component system and shows a specificity of the sensor protein for the cognate phosphorylation partner. Based on inhibition of such an autophosphorylation of YycG, we searched imidazole and zerumbone derivatives to identify the antibacterial agents such as NH125, NH126, NH127,(More)
A concise synthesis of valerena-4,7(11)-diene with potent sedative activity was achieved in three steps involving, reduction of carboxylic acid, bromination of the resulting alcohol, and reduction of the bromide from valerenic acid in a 63% total yield. This synthetic method makes it possible to provide further materials for biological testing to realize(More)
To identify a novel class of antibiotics, we have developed a high-throughput genetic system for targeting the homodimerization (HD system) of histidine kinase (HK), which is essential for a bacterial signal transduction system (two-component system, TCS). By using the HD system, we screened a chemical library and identified a compound, I-8-15(More)
Zerumbone ring-opening derivative 2 inhibited autophosphorylation of the essential histidine protein kinase (HPK), YycG, existing in Bacillus subtilis constituting a two-component system (TCS). However, it did not inhibit drug-resistant bacterium such as MRSA and VRE. Tryptophan derivative 34 also could be regulated by a TCS system like 2. In addition, 34(More)
Atherosclerosis is a vascular disorder involving inflammation, a narrowed vascular lumen in the entire tunica intima, and reduced elasticity of the arterial wall. It has been found that Hsp60 from Chlamydia pneumoniae, an obligate bacterial pathogen associated with atheroma lesions, mimics human Hsp60, thereby causing attacks by immune cells on stressed(More)