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Brown adipose tissue (BAT) burns fat to produce heat when the body is exposed to cold and plays a role in energy metabolism. Using fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography and computed tomography, we previously reported that BAT decreases with age and thereby accelerates age-related accumulation of body fat in humans. Thus, the recruitment of BAT may(More)
We report a set of strategies to develop novel ligands (Structure Based and Experimental Selection of Fragments: SbE-SF). First, a docking simulation utilizing DOCK3.5 is performed in order to screen the fragment database, which was generated with the in-house program FRAGMENT++ specifically for docking simulation purposes. Although the affinity of these(More)
The safety and pharmacokinetics of capsinoids, physiologically active ingredients of CH-19 Sweet extract, were investigated in 16 healthy male volunteers following a single oral ingestion of CH-19 Sweet extract. The study subjects consumed soft gel capsules containing either capsinoids (15 or 30 mg/person) or placebo. Capsinoids were well tolerated, and no(More)
To further evaluate the safety of dihydrocapsiate (4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl 8-methylnonanoate, CAS No. 205687-03-2), a 26-week gavage toxicity study was conducted in Sprague-Dawley rats (20/sex/group). Test animals received either dihydrocapsiate, 100, 300, or 1000 mg/kg/day, or vehicle (medium-chain triglyceride) by gavage and were observed for antemortem(More)
An inhibitor of factor Xa (fXa), the m-substituted benzamidine AXC1578 (1a), was structurally modified with the aim of increasing its potency. In particular, pyruvic acid and propionic acid substituents were incorporated into the P1 benzamidine moiety to introduce a favorable interaction with the oxy-anion hole in the catalytic triad region of fXa. This(More)
Nutritional therapy is used to reduce the adverse events (AEs) of anticancer drugs. Here, we determined whether the amino acids cystine and theanine, which provide substrates for glutathione, attenuated the AEs of S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy. Patients scheduled to receive S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy were randomized to the C/T or the control groups. The C/T(More)
An inhibitor of the complex of factor VIIa and tissue factor (fVIIa/TF), 2-substituted-4-amidinophenylpyruvic acid 1a, was structurally modified with the aim of increasing its potency and selectivity. The lead compound 1a was originally found in our factor Xa (fXa) inhibitor library on the basis of structural similarity of the primary binding sites of fVIIa(More)
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