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Production of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI) and a form of programmed cell death called hypersensitive response (HR) are often associated with disease resistance of plants. We have previously shown that the Rac homolog of rice, OsRac1, is a regulator of ROI production and cell death in rice. Here we show that the constitutively active OsRac1 (i) causes(More)
We screened 93 lesion mimic mutants of rice for resistance to the blast fungus, Magnaporthe grisea, and found eight mutants that exhibited significant resistance to the fungus. We called these mutants cdr (cell death and resistance) and further analyzed three of them. Two mutations, cdr1 and cdr2, were recessive and one, Cdr3, was dominant. Many small(More)
Cell death plays important roles in the development and defense of plants as in other multicellular organisms. Rapid production of reactive oxygen species often is associated with plant defense against pathogens, but their molecular mechanisms are not known. We introduced the constitutively active and the dominant negative forms of the small GTP-binding(More)
The static mechanical properties of major branches of the human arteries (common carotid artery, abdominal aorta, femoral artery, and brachial artery) were studied in 39 subjects, aged 6-81 years, using an ultrasonic phase locked echo tracking system that allows continuous transcutaneous measurement of the diameter of the artery. The stiffness indices were(More)
This study describes the effect of starch-synthesizing enzymes on biosynthesis of storage starch in rice amylose-extender mutants, which contain branched D-glucans with abnormal structures. Western blot analysis indicated that two out of five amylose-extender mutant lines lacked an isoform of starch branching enzyme, termed RBE3, although the levels of(More)
Antiserum raised against horseradish peroxidase (HRP) recognizes a neural specific carbohydrate antigen in Drosophila and other insects. The epitopic activity of the carbohydrate moiety of HRP recognized by anti-HRP antiserum was measured by a newly developed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, in which HRP glycopeptides conjugated with bovine serum albumin(More)
ISP-1 is a new type of immunosuppressant, the structure of which is homologous to that of sphingosine. In a previous study, ISP-1 was found to inhibit mammalian serine palmitoyltransferase, the primary enzyme involved in sphingolipid biosynthesis, and to reduce the intracellular pool of sphingolipids. ISP-1 induces the apoptosis of cytotoxic T cells, which(More)
N-Glycolylneuraminic acid (NeuGc) is abundantly expressed in most mammals, but it is not detectable in humans. The expression of NeuGc is controlled by cytidine monophospho-N-acetylneuraminic acid (CMP-NeuAc) hydroxylase activity. We previously cloned a cDNA for mouse CMP-NeuAc hydroxylase and found that the human genome contains a homologue. We report here(More)
BACKGROUND There has been a lack of appropriate classification criteria for vasculitis in children. OBJECTIVE To develop a widely accepted general classification for the vasculitides observed in children and specific and realistic classification criteria for common childhood vasculitides (Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP), Kawasaki disease (KD), childhood(More)
ISP-1/myriocin is a new type of remarkably potent immunosuppressant, the structure of which is homologous to sphingosine. ISP-1/myriocin inhibited the proliferation of an IL-2-dependent mouse cytotoxic T cell line, CTLL-2, at nanomole concentrations. ISP-1/myriocin inhibits serine palmitoyltransferase activity at picomole concentrations. This enzyme(More)