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BACKGROUND The American Heart Association recommends cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by bystanders with chest compression only for adults who have cardiac arrests, but not for children. We assessed the effect of CPR (conventional with rescue breathing or chest compression only) by bystanders on outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in children.(More)
BACKGROUND Previous animal and clinical studies suggest that bystander-initiated cardiac-only resuscitation may be superior to conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests. Our hypothesis was that both cardiac-only bystander resuscitation and conventional bystander CPR would improve outcomes from out-of-hospital(More)
BACKGROUND Psychoses such as hallucinations are a frequent non-motor problem in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and serious psychosis requires anti-psychotic medications that worsen Parkinsonism. Although psychosis could be associated with patient-related or biological factors such as cognition, age, and severity of PD, it can also be associated with(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of ongoing efforts to improve the "chain of survival" for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the incremental effect of changes in prehospital emergency care on survival after OHCA. METHODS AND RESULTS This prospective, population-based observational study involved consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a cardiac hormone and plasma levels of it increase in patients with congestive heart failure and in those with acute myocardial infarction. Kawasaki disease (KD) is a well-known generalized vasculitis and the most prominent features of this disease are the cardiovascular manifestations, which involve the(More)
BACKGROUND Immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy is the most common form of glomerulonephritis in the world, and a substantial number of patients develop end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Although there are several prognostic indicators, it remains difficult to predict the renal outcome in individual patients. METHODS A prospective cohort study was conducted(More)
BACKGROUND Weather conditions affect the occurrence of cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between atmospheric conditions including temperature, pressure, and humidity, and the occurrence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) with cardiac etiology. METHODS AND RESULTS This study was a cross-sectional(More)
UNLABELLED So as to determine the value of brain natriuretic peptide in the plasma as a biochemical marker for myocarditis of Kawasaki disease, we studied 69 patients. The blood samples, electrocardiograms and cross-sectional echocardiograms were obtained before the commencement of treatment and in the convalescent phase. RESULTS The mean concentration of(More)
Objective: To examine the association of cigarette smoking with the risk of death from pancreatic cancer in a prospective cohort study. Methods: A total of 110,792 inhabitants, aged 40–79 years (46,465 men and 64,327 women), were enrolled from 1988 to 1990 and followed up for mortality to the end of 1997. At baseline a self-administered questionnaire was(More)
Recent epidemiological studies have shown that high serum levels of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) are associated with an increased risk of lung, colon, breast and prostate cancer. Since very few studies have addressed the role of serum levels of IGF-I in the development of pancreatic cancer, we conducted a nested case-control study to examine this(More)