Takashi Katsu

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We recently reported that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced gastric lesions involve NSAID-induced apoptosis of gastric mucosal cells, which in turn involves the endoplasmic reticulum stress response, in particular the up-regulation of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous transcription factor (CHOP). In this study, we have examined the(More)
Neuronal excitation is regulated by energy metabolism, and drug-resistant epilepsy can be suppressed by special diets. Here, we report that seizures and epileptiform activity are reduced by inhibition of the metabolic pathway via lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), a component of the astrocyte-neuron lactate shuttle. Inhibition of the enzyme LDH hyperpolarized(More)
The action of gramicidin S and melittin on human erythrocytes, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli was studied as an extension of the previous study (Katsu, T., Ninomiya, C., Kuroko, M., Kobayashi, H., Hirota, T. and Fujita, Y. (1988) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 939, 57-63). These amphipathic peptides stimulated the release of membrane phospholipids(More)
Amphipathic peptides gramicidin S and melittin caused a characteristic colloid-osmotic hemolysis on human erythrocytes; that is, the peptides produced initially a small membrane lesion in erythrocyte membrane, followed by the release of hemoglobin. The size of membrane lesion increased with an increase in the concentration of peptide. Under the conditions(More)
A major clinical problem encountered with the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as indomethacin, is gastrointestinal complications. Both NSAID-dependent cyclooxygenase inhibition and gastric mucosal apoptosis are involved in NSAID-produced gastric lesions, and this apoptosis is mediated by the endoplasmic reticulum stress response(More)
The colloid osmotic nature of the cell lysis can be prevented by adding osmotic protectants of appropriate sizes to the outer medium. We introduced inorganic and organic electrolytes as protectants to determine the precise channel sizes of the polyene antibiotics, amphotericin B and nystatin, in addition to the sugars so far widely used for this purpose.(More)
The previous study of the action of gramicidin S on bacteria (Katsu, T., Kobayashi, H. and Fujita, Y. (1986) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 860, 608-619) prompted us to investigate further the structure-activity relationship of the gramicidin S analogues on membrane permeability. Two types of the gramicidin S analogues were used in the present study: (1)(More)
In order to initiate chromosomal DNA replication in Escherichia coli, the DnaA protein must bind to both ATP and the origin of replication (oriC). Acidic phospholipids are known to inhibit DnaA binding to ATP, and here we examine the effects of various phospholipids on DnaA binding to oriC. Among the phospholipids in E. coli membrane, cardiolipin showed the(More)
The capacity to oxidize bufuralol (BF) and dextromethorphan (DEX) was compared kinetically between human CYP2D6 and four rat CYP2D (CYP2D1, -2D2, -2D3 and -2D4) isoenzymes in a yeast cell expression system. In BF 1''-hydroxylation and DEX O-demethylation, only CYP2D4 showed hook-shaped Eadie-Hofstee plots, the other four CYP2D enzymes exhibiting linear(More)
The changes induced by biologically active substances in the permeability to K+ and calcein of liposomes composed of egg phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol were measured simultaneously in order to rapidly screen the sizes of pores formed in a membrane, using different sized markers. The substances examined in the present study were classified into three(More)