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Recent cerebral blood flow (CBF) and glucose consumption (CMRglc) studies of Parkinson's disease (PD) revealed conflicting results. Using simulated data, we previously demonstrated that the often-reported subcortical hypermetabolism in PD could be explained as an artifact of biased global mean (GM) normalization, and that low-magnitude, extensive cortical(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) measurements in 6-month-old F344/N rats were performed in the conscious state and the influence of chloral hydrate, ketamine, and pentobarbital anesthesia on dopamine D(1) (DA-D(1)) receptor binding was evaluated using [(11)C]SCH23390, a selective DA-D(1) receptor ligand. To perform the PET study in conscious rats, an(More)
ÐWe describe results obtained from a testbed used to investigate different codings for automatic face recognition. An eigenface coding of shape-free faces using manually located landmarks was more effective than the corresponding coding of correctly shaped faces. Configuration also proved an effective method of recognition, with rankings given to incorrect(More)
The mollusk shell is a hard tissue consisting of calcium carbonate crystals and an organic matrix. The nacre of the shell is characterized by a stacked compartment structure with a uniformly oriented c axis of aragonite crystals in each compartment. Using a calcium carbonate-binding assay, we identified an acidic matrix protein, Pif, in the pearl oyster(More)
Silencing gene expression by siRNAs is rapidly becoming a powerful tool for the genetic analysis of mammalian cells. However, the rapid degradation of siRNA and the limited duration of its action call for an efficient delivery technology. Accordingly, we describe here that Atelocollagen complexed with siRNA is resistant to nucleases and is efficiently(More)
OBJECTIVE Using 6-[(18)F]fluoro-L-dopa (FDOPA) and [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucoce (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET), multiple regression analyses were performed to determine the specific brain regions that are related to cognitive and motor symptoms in nondemented patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS Spatially normalized images of FDOPA influx(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to examine abnormalities of the central nervous system in patients with chronic pain who were diagnosed with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). MATERIALS AND METHODS Brain activity was assessed using (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography. The data collected from 18 patients were compared with data(More)
Cancer cells secrete small membranous extracellular vesicles (EVs) into their microenvironment and circulation. Although their potential as cancer biomarkers has been promising, the identification and quantification of EVs in clinical samples remains challenging. Here we describe a sensitive and rapid analytical technique for profiling circulating EVs(More)
BACKGROUND Acquisition of drug-resistance in cancer has led to treatment failure, however, their mechanisms have not been clarified yet. Recent observations indicated that aberrant expressed microRNA (miRNA) caused by chromosomal alterations play a critical role in the initiation and progression of cancer. Here, we performed an integrated genomic analysis(More)
We investigated the relative differences in dopaminergic function through the whole brain in patients with Parkinson's disease without dementia (PD) and with dementia (PDD) using 6-[18F]fluoro-L-dopa (18F-dopa) PET and a voxel-by-voxel analysis. The 10 PD and 10 PDD patients were equivalently disabled, having mean scores of 3.2 +/- 0.6 and 3.2 +/- 0.7,(More)