Takashi Katakura

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Impairment of axonal transport leads to neurodegeneration and synapse loss. Glutamate and amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) have critical roles in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here we show that both agents rapidly inhibit fast axonal transport in cultured rat hippocampal neurons. The effect of glutamate (100 microm), but not of Abeta25-35 (20(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE 3D-CT angiography (3D-CTA), a vessel-cast technique, is useful in the diagnosis of patients with brain lesions and cerebrovascular disease. However, it provides no information on blood-flow dynamics. Therefore, we developed a new technique, dynamic 3D-CTA (d3D-CTA), that yields 3D images of the vasculature and allows assessment of the(More)
BACKGROUND Axonal transport plays a critical role in supplying materials for a variety of neuronal functions such as morphogenetic plasticity, synaptic transmission, and cell survival. In the current study, the authors investigated the effects of the analgesic agent lidocaine on axonal transport in neurites of cultured mouse dorsal root ganglion neurons. In(More)
Axonal transport is a basic neuronal cell function and important for the supply of materials that maintain neuronal cells, and any increase or decrease in axonal transport expresses the state of neurons. Neurotropin is an analgesic agent commonly used for the treatment of chronic pain, but its mechanism of action remains not fully understood. The effects of(More)
We reported recently that non-phosphorylated neurofilaments (NF)-positive neurons were more sensitive to the growth inhibitory effects of Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) than phosphorylated NF-positive neurons. The findings suggested that non-phosphorylated NF-positive neurons, presumed to represent spinal motor neurons, are more vulnerable to oxidative(More)
We investigated roles of protein kinase C (PKC) and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein II (CAM II) kinase activities in the maintenance of axonal transport in cultured isolated mouse dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells. Video-enhanced microscopic recordings revealed that the PKC inhibitor chelerythrine (1 microM) reduced anterograde and retrograde axonal(More)
Visit-to-visit blood pressure (BP) variability is an important predictor of stroke. However, which antihypertensive drug combination is better at reducing visit-to-visit BP variability and therefore at reducing stroke incidence remains uncertain. We have previously reported that the dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker benidipine combined with a(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is characterized by selective degeneration of motor neurons. The reason why only motor neurons are targeted is unknown. Since ALS has been linked to mutations in Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1), oxidative stress is regarded as a major cause of ALS. We hypothesized that motor neurons are more susceptible to oxidative(More)
Recent clinical and experimental studies suggest the effectiveness of lidocaine in blocking neuropathic pain. Because it has been demonstrated that the pathogenetic mechanisms of neuropathic pain involve morphological changes in afferent neuronal terminals onto spinal cord, we examined the effects of lidocaine on neurite growth in isolated mouse dorsal root(More)
Changes in extracellular potassium concentration ([K+]o) modulate a variety of neuronal functions. However, whether axonal transport, which conveys materials to the appropriate destination for morphogenesis and other neuronal functions, depends on the extracellular K+ environment remains unclear. We therefore examined the effects of changes in [K+]o on(More)