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Discussion Papers are a series of manuscripts in their draft form. They are not intended for circulation or distribution except as indicated by the author. For that reason Discussion Papers may not be reproduced or distributed without the written consent of the author. Abstract Past studies in the literature of the law of one price (LOP) show statistically(More)
The co-movement of output across the sector producing non-durables (that is, non-durable goods and services) and the sector producing durables is well-established in the monetary business-cycle literature. However, standard sticky-price models that incorporate sectoral heterogeneity in price stickiness (that is, sticky non-durables prices and flexible(More)
Learning and memory are essential processes of both vertebrate and invertebrate nervous systems that allow animals to survive and reproduce. The neurotransmitter glutamate signals via ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs) that have been linked to learning and memory formation; however, the signaling pathways that contribute to these behaviors are still(More)
Carnitine/organic cation transporter (OCTN) 2 (SLC22A5) plays a pivotal role in renal tubular reabsorption of carnitine, a vitamin-like compound, on apical membranes of proximal tubules, but its role in relation to therapeutic drugs remains to be clarified. The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the involvement of OCTN2 in renal disposition of a(More)
OBJECTIVE Intractable anemia, such as aplastic anemia or that presumably associated with chronic herpes virus infections, sometimes require bone marrow transplant. We investigated the use of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for the treatment of intractable anemia. METHOD Placenta Hominis (PH), steam boiled and roasted, and Cervi Cornus Colla (deer(More)
  Conflicting results have been reported on segmental differences in expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) along the small intestine of animals and humans. In this study, we investigated P-gp mRNA and protein levels within each of nine segments of rat small intestine. In addition, P-gp activity in each segment was evaluated in terms of permeability of(More)
  • Takashi Kano, James M. Nason, +9 authors Tasos Karantounias
  • 2013
We study the implications of internal consumption habit for new Keynesian dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (NKDSGE) models. Bayesian Monte Carlo methods are employed to evaluate NKDSGE model fit. Simulation experiments show that internal consumption habit often improves the ability of NKDSGE models to match the spectra of output and consumption(More)
Currently, a new type of calcium channel blockers, which can inhibit not only L-type calcium channels abundantly expressed in vascular smooth muscles, but also N-type calcium channels that abound in the sympathetic nerve endings, have been developed. In this study, analysis on a like-for-like basis of the L- and N-type calcium channel-inhibitory activity of(More)
The lost decades following the bubble burst in 1991 has been accompanied by slowdown of total factor productivity (TFP) growth in Japan. What has driven the TFP down, however, remains a puzzle. To address this question, we develop a New Keynesian sticky price model that is designed to investigate two suspects behind the TFP slowdown other than regression of(More)