Takashi Kanno

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Two patients with low lactate dehydrogenase (LD) activity were discovered during healthcare examinations and were found to be homozygous for LD-H (heart) subunit deficiency by electrophoretic isoenzyme analysis of serum and erythrocyte hemolysate. The molecular nature of the genetic mutations was characterized by amplification by the polymerase chain(More)
Recent establishment of a sensitive ELISA system using antibodies against malondialdehyde-modified low density lipoprotein (MDA-LDL) made it possible to determine the circulating oxidized lipoprotein levels. Here, we investigated the serum levels of MDA-LDL in 62 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) compared with the levels in 42 patients without CAD(More)
We have identified 12 kinds of genetic mutations of butyrylcholine esterase (BCHE) from phenotypic abnormalities, showing that BCHE activities were deficient or diminished in sera. These genetic mutations, detected by PCR-single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis and direct sequencing, consisted of one deletion (BCHE*FS4), nine missense (BCHE*24 M,(More)
We developed an automated enzymatic method for determination of the branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs; valine, isoleucine, leucine) and tyrosine in serum, and applied it to the clinical evaluation of patients with various hepatic diseases. Analytically, the test results were acceptably precise and reproducible, and correlated well with results obtained with(More)
We have developed an enzyme immunoassay for mevalonic acid (MVA), using a specific monoclonal antibody. The intra- and interassay coefficients of variation calculated on two urine samples were 3.3% and 3.4%, respectively, in the intraassay precision test and 3.5% and 6.9% in the interassay evaluation. Pravastatin, a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A(More)
An electrophoretic variant of lactate dehydrogenase (LD) M(A) subunit was discovered in a female patient with chest pain. Her LD activity in serum was within the normal reference interval, and analysis of her LD isoenzyme pattern showed an abnormal migration indicating a fast-type LD-M(A) subunit variant. DNA analysis of the mutant LD-M gene detected a(More)
BACKGROUND Lactate dehydrogenase (LD), a tetrameric product of the genes LDHA and LDHB, may be increased in sera of cancer patients. A variant isoenzyme with electrophoretic mobility between LD2 and LD3 (LD2ex) has been described in patients, but its molecular nature is largely unknown. METHODS A newly established retinoblastoma cell line, NCC-RbC-51(More)
We determined lactate dehydrogenase (LD; EC 1.1.1.27) in serum from 75 sequential measles patients and 105 control patients. In the measles patients, LD was increased to 1147.9 +/- 43.8 (mean +/- SE) U/L, markedly more than in the control group (517.2 +/- 15.0 U/L, p less than 0.001). Both LD-3 and LD-4 isoenzymes were increased, but the concentration of(More)
In three pediatric patients with necrotizing lymphadenitis, cytosol aminopeptidase activity (c-AP; EC 3.4.11.1) in serum was markedly increased to 509, 417, and 191 U/L, respectively (normal range 25-60 U/L). Lactate dehydrogenase (LD; EC 1.1.1.27) was also increased, with LD-3 predominating. The increased concentrations of c-AP and LD presumably originated(More)
This is a method for measuring tripeptide aminopeptidase (EC 3.4.11.4) activity in serum. L- Leucylglycylglycine is used as substrate, and the reaction is followed by monitoring the absorbance increase at 340 nm when NAD+ is reduced to NADH in the presence of an excess of leucine dehydrogenase. This principle allows kinetic determination of the enzyme(More)
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