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The native polysomes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were visualized in liquid solution by atomic force microscopy without external contrasting, such as shadowing and negative staining. This study showed native polysomes as lined particle with a height of ca. 27 nm, which is agreement with the height of 80S ribosomes in previous study. We found a small(More)
This paper is the third in a series dealing with reference procedures for the measurement of catalytic activity concentrations of enzymes at 37 degrees C and the certification of reference preparations. Other parts deal with: Part 1. The Concept of Reference Procedures for the Measurement of Catalytic Activity Concentrations of Enzymes; Part 2. Reference(More)
An electrophoretic variant of the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)-B(H) subunit was discovered in a patient with diabetes mellitus. His LDH activity in serum was slightly lower than normal and the LDH isozyme pattern showed an abnormal migration indicating an LDH-B subunit variant of the fast type. The LDH containing the variant subunit revealed a decreased heat(More)
We determined the susceptibilities of recent clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae to 19 antibiotics. The frequency of erythromycin nonsusceptibility was high, i.e. 8/13 (61.5%), 10/14 (71.4%) and 11/11 isolates (100%) from 13 penicillin-susceptible, 14 penicillin-intermediate and 11 penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae, respectively. Macrolide(More)
beta(2)-Microglobulin (beta2-m) is a major component of dialysis-related amyloid fibrils. Although recombinant beta2-m forms needle-like fibrils by in vitro extension reaction at pH 2.5, reduced beta2-m, in which the intrachain disulfide bond is reduced, cannot form typical fibrils. Instead, thinner and flexible filaments are formed, as shown by atomic(More)
Colonization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa at trachea, nares and oropharynx can cause ventilator-acquired pneumonia. To identify beneficial effects of antibiotics on expression of virulence factors related to colonization by such pathogens, we evaluated the effect of mupirocin on flagella formation in P. aeruginosa and on motility and flagella formation in(More)
This paper is the fourth in a series dealing with reference procedures for the measurement of catalytic activity concentrations of enzymes at 37 degrees C and the certification of reference preparations. Other parts deal with: Part 1. The Concept of Reference Procedures for the Measurement of Catalytic Activity Concentrations of Enzymes; Part 2. Reference(More)
We have previously detected a single base substitution of G by A at the Arg codon CGC in exon 4 of the mutant lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) gene, an unstable LDH-B variant (case 1). Here, we use the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to amplify genomic DNA of two cases (the original case 1 and a new patient, case 2). We were able to confirm that case 1 is(More)
Genomic DNA prepared from LDH-A-deficient whole blood was amplified by the polymerase chain reaction technique using two primers specific for the active human LDH-A gene. The amplified fragment was examined by direct agarose gel electrophoresis, and a deletion of 20 base pairs (bp) in exon 6 of the LDH-A gene was found. The results permitted a clear(More)