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Heterogametic sex chromosomes have evolved independently in various lineages of vertebrates. Such sex chromosome pairs often contain nonrecombining regions, with one of the chromosomes harboring a master sex-determining (SD) gene. It is hypothesized that these sex chromosomes evolved from a pair of autosomes that diverged after acquiring the SD gene. By(More)
It is well known that mechanical loading influences the endochondral bone formation essential for the growth and development of longitudinal bones. The question was, however, asked whether the effect of mechanical loading on the chondrocyte metabolism is dependent on the loading frequency. This study was aimed at evaluating the effect of tensile loadings(More)
Hyaluronan (HA) is a component of the extracellular matrices of cartilage contributing to the structural and functional integrity. HA metabolism is regulated by both anabolic and catabolic processes; however, a great deal more of the detail has been unknown yet. The purpose of this study was to clarify the effect of excessive mechanical load on the(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) plays an essential role in tumor progression through stromal neovascularization in malignant solid tumors. Neuropilin (NRP) is considered to be the specific receptor for limited types of VEGF-A isoform, VEGF165. The clinicopathological implications of NRP are not well understood in colon cancer, while almost all(More)
We developed a new, three-step soil-wash method to remediate Cd-contaminated paddy fields. The method comprises (1) chemically washing the field soil with a CaCl2 solution; (2) washing the treated soil with water to eliminate residual Cd and CaCl2; and (3) on-site treatment of wastewater using a portable wastewater treatment system. Cd concentrations in the(More)
The efficiencies of neutral salts, strong acids, and chelates were tested for extracting cadmium (Cd) from three paddy soils. The higher the selectivity of the cations of the added neutral salts toward soil adsorption sites, the lower the pH in the extracts and the more soil Cd could be extracted. In addition, soil carbon and nitrogen contents and mineral(More)
AIMS To determine the effect of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression and related mechanisms by using cultured articular chondrocytes derived from porcine mandibular condyles after treatment with interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β). METHODS Chondrocytes were derived from porcine mandibular condylar cartilage and cultured.(More)
Amelogenins are enamel matrix proteins that play a crucial role in enamel formation. Recent studies have revealed that amelogenins also have cell signaling properties. Although amelogenins had been described as specific products of ameloblasts, recent research has demonstrated their expression in bone marrow stromal cells. In this study, we examined the(More)
The ability of FeCl3 to extract Cd from three paddy soils was compared with that of various irons, manganese, and zinc salts to elucidate the extraction mechanism. Manganese, zinc and iron salts (including FeCl3) extracted 4-41%, 8-44% and 24-66% of total Cd, respectively. This difference reflected the pH of the extraction solution, indicating that the(More)
We examined the localization and boundary lubricating function of superficial zone protein (SZP) on the surface of mandibular condylar cartilage. Chondrocytes were separated from the surface layer of mandibular condylar cartilage of 6- to 9-month-old female pigs. A cyclic tensile strain of 7% or 21% cell elongation was applied to the cultured chondrocytes.(More)