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We evaluated 30 patients with cervical myelopathy before and after decompressive surgery and compared them with 42 healthy controls. All were asked to grip and release their fingers as rapidly as possible for 15 seconds. Films recorded with a digital camera were divided into three files of five seconds each. Three doctors independently counted the number of(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine the long-term outcomes of laminoplasty versus anterior decompression and fusion in the treatment of cervical myelopathy caused by ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and to ascertain what factors should be considered in selecting appropriate surgical procedure. (More)
The relationship between the concentration of lithium in whole blood and plasma was determined in 11 manic-depressive patients 12 h after the evening dose of lithium carbonate taken in the form of slow release tablets (Limas). Significant relationships were found between the concentration of lithium in whole blood and plasma as well as between the daily(More)
Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine (OPLL) is a common spinal disorder among the elderly that causes myelopathy and radiculopathy. To identify genetic factors for OPLL, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in ∼8,000 individuals followed by a replication study using an additional ∼7,000 individuals. We identified(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective multi-institutional study. OBJECTIVE To investigate the incidence of neurological deficits after cervical laminoplasty for ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA According to analysis of long-term results, laminoplasty for cervical OPLL has been reported as a safe and effective(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the possibility of integrating porous hydroxyapatite (HA) ceramics with a capillary vessel network via insertion of a vascular pedicle, and to determine whether this procedure enhances new bone formation in tissue engineering of bone. First, synthetic interconnected porous HA (IP-CHA) was implanted(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are biologically active molecules capable of inducing new bone formation, and show potential for clinical use in bone defect repair. However, an ideal system for delivering BMPs that can potentiate their bone-inducing ability and provide initial mechanical strength and scaffold for bone ingrowth has not yet been developed.(More)
BACKGROUND Anterior decompression with fusion (ADF) for patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is reportedly associated with a higher incidence of complications than is laminoplasty. However, the frequency of perioperative complications associated with ADF for cervical OPLL has not been fully established. The(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are a group of dimeric growth factors that belong to the transforming growth factor super family and are capable of eliciting new bone formation. Previous studies have suggested that the coexpression of two different BMP genes in a cell can result in the production of BMP heterodimers that are more(More)