Takashi Kaito

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We evaluated 30 patients with cervical myelopathy before and after decompressive surgery and compared them with 42 healthy controls. All were asked to grip and release their fingers as rapidly as possible for 15 seconds. Films recorded with a digital camera were divided into three files of five seconds each. Three doctors independently counted the number of(More)
Muscle volume was measured, by use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), as a direct indicator of functional recovery of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles after supraspinatus tendon repair, because atrophy of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles was observed in all patients with a torn supraspinatus tendon. Seventy-three patients who had a(More)
OBJECTIVE Articular cartilage repair remains a major obstacle in tissue engineering. We recently developed a novel tool for articular cartilage repair, consisting of a triple composite of an interconnected porous hydroxyapatite (IP-CHA), recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2), and a synthetic biodegradable polymer [poly-d,l-lactic(More)
The authors describe a rare case of a congenital absence of the right L5 pedicle in a 54-year-old man presenting with low back pain and radicular pain of his left leg. Plain x-ray films, computed tomography scan (CT) after myelography, and three-dimensional CT revealed the absence of the L5 pedicle and anomaly of the L4-L5 facet joint on his right side. On(More)
Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine (OPLL) is a common spinal disorder among the elderly that causes myelopathy and radiculopathy. To identify genetic factors for OPLL, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in ∼8,000 individuals followed by a replication study using an additional ∼7,000 individuals. We identified(More)
OBJECT Spinal fusion at the L4-5 disc space alters the normal biomechanics of the spine, and the loss of motion at the fused level is compensated by increased motion and load at the other unfused segments. This may lead to deterioration of the adjacent segments of the lumbar spine, called adjacent-segment disease (ASD). In this study, the authors(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine the long-term outcomes of laminoplasty versus anterior decompression and fusion in the treatment of cervical myelopathy caused by ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and to ascertain what factors should be considered in selecting appropriate surgical procedure. (More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective cohort analysis. OBJECTIVE To clarify the effect of biological agents (BAs) on the development and progression of cervical lesions in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to identify biomarkers that accurately predict disease progression. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA The introduction of BAs changed the paradigm of RA(More)
AIM Spinal angiolipoma is a benign uncommon neoplasm composed of mature lipocytes admixed with abnormal blood vessels, and accounts for only 0.14-1.2% of all spinal tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS Retrospective data analysis. RESULTS We report two cases of a 64-year-old woman and a 65-year-old man with thoracic myelopathy due to spinal angiolipoma.(More)
Sclerostin and dickkopf-1(DKK1) are Wnt/β-catenin signal antagonists that play an important role in bone formation. Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) of the spine is characterized by pathological ectopic ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament and ankylosing spinal hyperostosis. The aims of this study were to evaluate(More)