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Unfertilized eggs of Oryzias latipes were artificially inseminated and incubated at 26+/-1 degrees C. Careful observation of the process of embryonic development by light microscopy allowed division of the process into 39 stages based on diagnostic features of the developing embryos. The principal diagnostic features are the number and size of blastomeres,(More)
The entire process of the development of the motor nerve to the middle interradial muscle (MIR muscle) in the tail region of the medaka (Oryzias latipes) was examined by light and electron microscopy. The motor nerve to the MIR muscle was observed to develop in a series of four steps. (1) Trunk-formation step: from stage 30 to stage 31, when the MIR muscle(More)
The see-through stock in the medaka Oryzias latipes, causes pigments to be absent from the whole body and has a transparent body in the adult stage as well as during embryonic stages. To establish a standard table of growth stages for this model fish, morphological features were examined during the growing period from hatching to adulthood. The main(More)
Intracellular release of Ca2+ by microinjection of Ca2+ was analyzed by measuring the luminescence of aequorin loaded in eggs of the medaka (Oryzias latipes). Microinjection of Ca2+ into the cortical cytoplasm induced propagative waves of cytoplasmic Ca2+ release and exocytosis of cortical alveoli initiated at the injection point. The Ca2+ wave was(More)
The reaction time of Ca2+ release from cytoplasmic stores induced by microinjection of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3), calcium ionophore A23187, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, and cyclic guanosine 5'-monophosphate (cGMP) in Oryzias latipes eggs in Ca2+-free medium was measured by the luminescence of aequorin injected into the egg. Microinjection of IP3 or calcium(More)
In order to understand the mechanisms of fertilization in the teleost, the movements of the egg cortex, cytoplasmic inclusions and pronuclei were observed in detail in fertilized medaka Oryzias latipes eggs. The first cortical contraction occurred toward the animal pole region following the onset of exocytosis of cortical alveoli. The cortical contraction(More)
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