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BACKGROUND A new histopathological classification of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated glomerulonephritis was recently proposed. We evaluated the predictive value of this classification for renal outcome in Japanese patients. METHODS We enrolled 122 patients with ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis diagnosed at several institutions in(More)
AIMS Inflammation and possibly hypoxia largely affect glucose utilization in atherosclerotic arteries, which could alter many metabolic systems. However, metabolic changes in atherosclerotic plaques remain unknown. The present study aims to identify changes in metabolic systems relative to glucose uptake and hypoxia in rabbit atherosclerotic arteries and(More)
BACKGROUND Ultrasound-determined carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is widely used as an indicator of generalized atherosclerotic burden, but there are limited autopsy findings in support of the association, directly. METHODS We performed an autopsy analysis (n = 111, mean 68.8 years; 65.0% men; 86% non-cardiovascular disease death) to examine the(More)
BACKGROUND Imaging modalities to assess atherosclerotic plaque thrombogenicity have not been established, so in this study the relationship between [(18)F]-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) uptake and thrombus formation was investigated in rabbit atherosclerotic arteries. METHODS AND RESULTS Atherosclerotic plaque was induced in the iliacofemoral artery by(More)
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is the leading cause of fetal mortality and morbidity. As an etiology, each of placental findings, maternal factors and fetal factors has been reported to be associated with IUGR, although a comprehensive approach to examine all of these parameters as a cause of IUGR has not been reported. In the present study,(More)
BACKGROUND High plasma levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) constitute a powerful predictive marker of cardiovascular events. Several lines of evidence suggest that CRP has prothrombogenic effects. However, whether CRP directly participates in the pathogenesis of thrombosis in vivo has not been fully clarified. OBJECTIVE To test whether human CRP (hCRP)(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerotic plaque thrombogenicity is a critical factor that affects thrombus formation and the onset of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The aim of this study was to identify the vascular factors involved in thrombus formation and AMI onset. METHODSANDRESULTS Culprit lesions in 40 coronary arteries with thrombi at autopsy after lethal(More)
Congenital malignant gliomas are rare brain tumors about which few reports have been published. We present the clinical course and genetic alterations in an infant with a congenital malignant glioma detected incidentally by ultrasonography at 36 weeks. The tumor occupied the right temporoparietal region, extended to the posterior fossa, and significantly(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS How dialysis affects the survival of patients with biopsy-proven IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is not fully understood. The present long-term cohort study quantifies the survival rates and incidence of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases (CCVDs) among such patients in Japan. METHODS Fifty-two of 433 patients with IgAN who had reached end-stage kidney(More)