Takashi Iwai

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Glia play an important role in neurotoxicity in neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we investigated the expression of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and its receptor, and the effects of GLP-1 on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced IL-1beta mRNA expression and IL-1beta production in glia. GLP-1-like immunoreactivity was observed in amoeboid microglia,(More)
In this study, we investigated whether glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) had antidepressant-like effects in mice, and whether these activities were associated with monoamine systems in mice. Antidepressant-like effects were evaluated based on the immobility time in the forced-swim test. GLP-2 (1.5-6 microg/mouse, i.c.v.) significantly reduced the immobility(More)
N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (Ndrg2) has been associated with cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Ndrg2 expression in the brain is induced by glucocorticoid treatment or chronic stress in vivo. It has been postulated that glucocorticoid-induced Ndrg2 expression in astrocytes is regulated by the glucocorticoid response element half-site(More)
Growing evidence indicates that the glutamatergic neurotransmitter system is central to the neurobiology and treatment of depression. Riluzole, a drug currently used to slow the progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), directly affects the glutamatergic system. In this study, we investigated the effects of riluzole in olfactory bulbectomy (OBX)(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is derived from the processing of proglucagon in intestinal L-cells and releases insulin from pancreatic β-cells as an incretin. The GLP-1 receptor has been proposed as a possible therapeutic target for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, in which neuroinflammation is critical in the pathogenesis. The present study(More)
Neuromedin U (NmU) is a neuropeptide isolated first from porcine spinal cord and later from many species. Although NmU receptors exist in the hippocampus, their function is unclear. In the present study, we examined the effects of NmU on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced memory impairment and neuronal death in mice. In the Y-maze test, LPS (10mug/mouse,(More)
In this study, we investigated the anxiolytic-like effect of riluzole using three different innate anxiety models in rats. In the elevated plus-maze test, riluzole significantly increased the time spent in, and entries into, the open arm after 60 min administration. This finding was supported by results obtained from light/dark and open-field tests. The(More)
Previous studies in children with diabetes found that hyperglycemia induces memory dysfunction. In this study, we investigated memory and synaptic plasticity in streptozotocine (STZ)-induced diabetic rats during the juvenile period. We further investigated the effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) on the diabetes-induced profiles. STZ (85 mg/kg, i.p.)(More)
Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has proposed the double-strata fuel cycle for transmutation of long-lived minor actinides (MAs). The transmutation system is a Pb-Bi cooled sub-critical accelerator-driven system (ADS) with MAs nitride fuel. Nitride fuel has the advantage of accommodating various MAs with a wide range of composition besides(More)