Takashi Isobe

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β-Glucans extracted from barley, which mainly contains β-(1,3-1,4)-D-glucan, are used extensively as supplements and food additives due to their wide biologic activities, including a reduction in blood lipid level. In this study, the antioxidant activity of β-glucan was examined to assess potential new benefits associated with β-glucan, because oxidative(More)
Leucocytozoon caulleryi, a haemosporidian parasite of the chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus), can be highly pathogenic and often fatal. Although this parasite is extremely relevant to veterinary science, knowledge of its genomic features is limited. To gain information applicable to developing novel control methods for the parasite, we analyzed the(More)
4-tert-Octylphenol (4-tOP) is an endocrine-disrupting chemical. It is mainly metabolized into glucuronide by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes in mammals. In the present study, the glucuronidation of 4-tOP in humans, monkeys, rats, and mice was examined in an in vitro system using microsomal fractions. The kinetics of 4-tOP glucuronidation by liver(More)
Mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP) is an active metabolite of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), which is an endocrine-disrupting chemical. In the present study, MEHP glucuronidation in humans was studied using recombinant UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) and microsomes of the liver and intestine. Among the recombinant UGTs examined, UGT1A3, UGT1A7,(More)
Hemorrhagic diarrhea in poultry is caused by Eimeria tenella, the most pathogenic avian coccidian parasite, and new approaches to treat the disease are continually being sought. Although eimeripain, a cathepsin B-like cysteine protease from E. tenella, has recently been identified as a novel anticoccidial drug target, its localization during the(More)
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