Learn More
A cDNA encoding a novel cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) was cloned from the liver of an adult female Japanese monkey. The CYP1A2 protein was expressed in yeast cells and its enzymatic properties were compared with those of marmoset CYP1A2 using ethoxyresorufin (ER) and phenacetin (PN) as substrates. The nucleotide sequence of Japanese monkey CYP1A2 revealed(More)
Human cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) catalyzes the metabolism of many important drugs and environmental chemicals. We previously reported three naturally occurring genetic polymorphisms (125C>G, Pro42Arg, CYP1A2*15; 1130G>A, Arg377Gln, *16; and 1367G>A, Arg456His, *8) found in a Japanese population. In this study, these variant enzymes were expressed in(More)
Mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP) is an active metabolite of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and has endocrine-disrupting effects. MEHP is metabolized into glucuronide by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes in mammals. In the present study, the hepatic and intestinal glucuronidation of MEHP in humans, dogs, rats, and mice was examined in an in(More)
The functional roles of phenylalanine at position 120 in drug oxidation by cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) were examined using a yeast cell expression system and bufuralol (BF) enantiomers as a chiral substrate. Two mutated cDNAs, one encoding a CYP2D6 mutant having alanine instead of Phe-120 (F120A) and another encoding a mutant having alanine instead of(More)
β-Glucans extracted from barley, which mainly contains β-(1,3-1,4)-D-glucan, are used extensively as supplements and food additives due to their wide biologic activities, including a reduction in blood lipid level. In this study, the antioxidant activity of β-glucan was examined to assess potential new benefits associated with β-glucan, because oxidative(More)
α-Lipoic acid (ALA) is an essential cofactor in mitochondrial multi-enzyme complexes related to energy production. However, it is unstable under light or heat, and its decomposition is accompanied by an unpleasant odor. Therefore, its stabilization by complex formation with the cationic polymer chitosan (CS) was investigated. The ALA dissolved in(More)
Inhibitory effects of desipramine (DMI) on rat and human CYP2D enzymes were studied using bufuralol (BF) 1''-hydroxylation as an index. Inhibition was examined under the following two conditions: 1) DMI was co-incubated with BF and NADPH in the reaction mixture containing rat or human liver microsomes or yeast cell microsomes expressing rat CYP2D1, CYP2D2(More)
1. Raloxifene is an antiestrogen that has been marketed for the treatment of osteoporosis, and is metabolized into 6- and 4'-glucuronides by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes. In this study, the in vitro glucuronidation of raloxifene in humans and monkeys was examined using liver and intestinal microsomes and recombinant UGT enzymes (UGT1A1, UGT1A8(More)
In this paper, the pitch angle control design problem of wind turbine generator is considered. Dynamic characteristics of wind turbine system vary according to the wind speed and also the generator speed. But it is required to maintain the generator speed at the optimal one in spite of such variations. For this purpose, the pitch angle control of wind(More)