Learn More
We propose a method for extracting semantic orientations of words: desirable or undesirable. Regarding semantic ori-entations as spins of electrons, we use the mean field approximation to compute the approximate probability function of the system instead of the intractable actual probability function. We also propose a criterion for parameter selection on(More)
Prostaglandin (PG) D2 is well known as a mediator of inflammation. Hematopoietic PGD synthase (HPGDS) is responsible for the production of PGD2 involved in inflammatory responses. Microglial activation and astrogliosis are commonly observed during neuroinflammation, including that which occurs during demyelination. Using the genetic demyelination mouse(More)
In this paper, we deal with automatic knowledge acquisition from text, specifically the acquisition of <i>causal relations</i>. A causal relation is the relation existing between two events such that one event causes (or enables) the other event, such as &#8220;hard rain causes flooding&#8221; or &#8220;taking a train requires buying a ticket.&#8221; In(More)
In addition to its role in DNA repair, nuclear poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) mediates brain damage when it is over-activated by oxidative/nitrosative stress. Nonetheless, it remains unclear how PARP-1 is activated in neuropathological contexts. Here we report that PARP-1 interacts with a pool of glyceradehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) that(More)
Polyglutamine (polyQ) diseases are classified as conformational neurodegenerative diseases, like Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases, and they are caused by proteins with an abnormally expanded polyQ stretch. However, conformational changes of the expanded polyQ protein and the toxic conformers formed during aggregation have remained poorly understood despite(More)
Recent studies have revealed that the redox-sensitive glycolytic enzyme, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), is involved in neuronal cell death that is triggered by oxidative stress. GAPDH is locally deposited in disulfide-bonded aggregates at lesion sites in certain neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we investigated the molecular(More)
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH)(2) is a classic glycolytic enzyme that also mediates cell death by its nuclear translocation under oxidative stress. Meanwhile, we previously presented that oxidative stress induced disulfide-bonded GAPDH aggregation in vitro. Here, we propose that GAPDH aggregate formation might participate in oxidative(More)
Glycerladehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), a classic glycolytic enzyme, also has a role in mediating cell death under oxidative stress. Our previous reports suggest that oxidative stress-induced GAPDH aggregate formation is, at least in part, a mechanism to account for the death signaling. Here we show that substitution of cysteine for serine-284 of(More)
Cortical spreading depression is an excitatory wave of depolarization spreading throughout cerebral cortex at a rate of 2-5 mm/min and has been implicated in various neurological disorders, such as epilepsy, migraine aura, and trauma. Although sleepiness or sleep is often induced by these neurological disorders, the cellular and molecular mechanism has(More)
Members of the genus Trypanosoma cause African trypanosomiasis in humans and animals in Africa. Infection of mammals by African trypanosomes is characterized by an upregulation of prostaglandin (PG) production in the plasma and cerebrospinal fluid. These metabolites of arachidonic acid (AA) may, in part, be responsible for symptoms such as fever, headache,(More)