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Signaling molecules such as Activin, Sonic hedgehog, Nodal, Lefty, and Vg1 have been found to be involved in determination of left-right (L-R) asymmetry in the chick, mouse, or frog. However, a common signaling pathway has not yet been identified in vertebrates. We report that Pitx2, a bicoid-type homeobox gene expressed asymmetrically in the left lateral(More)
Alzheimer disease (AD) is pathologically characterized by cortical atrophy. Changes in the white matter and their relation to the pathogenesis of AD remain to be studied. To quantitatively investigate the integrity and organization of white matter fiber tracts in patients with AD, we used diffusion tensor (DT) imaging to study the diffusion anisotropy of(More)
OBJECTIVE Hyperperfusion syndrome is a rare but potentially devastating complication that can occur after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The purpose of this study was to determine whether intraoperative transcranial regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) monitoring via near-infrared spectroscopy could be reliably used to identify patients at risk for(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The Middle Cerebral Artery Embolism Local Fibrinolytic Intervention Trial (MELT) Japan was organized to determine the safety and clinical efficacy of intraarterial infusion of urokinase (UK) in patients with stroke within 6 hours of onset. METHODS Patients with ischemic stroke presenting within 6 hours of onset and displaying(More)
The relationship between water diffusion parameters measured using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and histological malignancy of gliomas was investigated. DTI was performed using a 3.0T MR scanner in 41 consecutive patients with histologically proven gliomas. Fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) were calculated and compared with the WHO(More)
OBJECTIVE Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a rare but potentially devastating complication. The purpose of the present study, which was not a randomized controlled trial but a case cohort study with historical control, was to determine whether pretreatment with a novel free radical scavenger, edaravone, could prevent(More)
OBJECT The purpose of this study was to determine whether the preoperative measurement of acetazolamide-induced changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF), which is performed using single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) scanning, can be used to identify patients at risk for hyperperfusion following carotid endarterectomy (CEA). In addition, the(More)
We report a rare case of intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH) arising from the upper lip. Pathologically, it consisted of a few lobulated masses lined by an incomplete fibrous capsule of variable thickness which was separated from the surrounding tissue and which partially formed papillary structures bearing fibrous stalks and a single(More)