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To investigate whether cilostazol (CAS 73963-72-1), a selective phosphodiesterase 3 inhibitor, reduces the progression of atherogenic diet-induced atherosclerosis, cilostazol was orally administered twice a day for 4 weeks to male apolipoprotein-E knockout (ApoE KO) mice. In serial sections of the aortic root, the atherosclerotic lesion ratios in the(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the survival of freeze-dried bacterial species stored at the International Patent Organism Depository (IPOD) and to elucidate the characteristics affecting survival. Bacterial strains were freeze-dried, sealed in ampoules under a vacuum (<1 Pa), and stored in the dark at 5 degrees C. The survival of a variety of(More)
INTRODUCTION We have developed an in vivo experimental model for evaluating peripheral arterial insufficiency and predicting the efficacy of drugs on intermittent claudication (IC). We found that rats that had been running normally on a treadmill developed a gait disturbance when a hindlimb artery was unilaterally occluded. We hypothesized that the distance(More)
The survival of a variety of species of microorganism following storage for up to 20 years has been analyzed. The organisms were freeze-dried, sealed in ampoules under vacuum (<1 Pa) and stored in the dark at 5 degrees C. The yeast that was tested, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, showed only 8% survival when recovered shortly after freeze-drying, but subsequent(More)
We investigated the survival mechanisms of freeze-dried or liquid-dried (L-dried) yeast cells in ampoules. Type strains of various yeasts were freeze-dried or L-dried and sealed in ampoules under high vacuum (< 1 Pa) or low vacuum (4.8 x 10(4) Pa), then stored at 37 degrees C (accelerated storage test) for up to 17 weeks. Among strains in each of the genera(More)
Importin beta1 (Impbeta)/karyopherin beta1 (Kpnb1) mediates the nuclear import of a large variety of substrates. This study aimed to investigate the requirement for the Kpnb1 gene in mouse development, using a gene trap line, B6-CB-Ayu8108(GtgeoIMEG) (Ayu8108(geo)), in which the trap vector was inserted into the promoter region of the Kpnb1 gene, but in(More)
We have developed a new exchangeable gene trap vector, pU-17, carrying the intron-lox71-splicing acceptor (SA)-beta geo-loxP-pA-lox2272-pSP73-lox511. The SA contains three stop codons in-frame with the ATG of beta galactosidase/neomycin-resistance fusion gene (beta geo) that can function in promoter trapping. We found that the trap vector was highly(More)
Ordered attribute grammars (OAGs for short) are a useful class of attribute grammars (AGs). For some attribute grammars, even though they are not circular, OAG circularity test reports that they are not ordered and fails to generate attribute evaluators because some approximation introduces circularities(called type 3 circularities in this paper). First we(More)
The Geography Markup Language (GML) has been introduced to standardize the representation of geographical data in Extensible Markup Language (XML), which makes the exchanging and sharing of geographical information easier. As GML becomes the geospatial language of the Web, the compression of GML files becomes a new challenge to the compression research(More)