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OBJECTIVE To report the definitive diagnosis of anti-NMDA receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis in four Japanese women previously diagnosed with "juvenile acute nonherpetic encephalitis" of unclear etiology, and to describe their long-term follow-up in the absence of tumor resection. METHODS We extensively reviewed the case histories with current clinical and(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies on the effect of interferon therapy on the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma have not sufficiently assessed degree of liver fibrosis, a major risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of interferon therapy on incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma, adjusting for risk factors, including the(More)
Oxidative stress in the myocardium may play an important role in the pathogenesis of congestive heart failure (HF). However, the cellular sources and mechanisms for the enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the failing myocardium remain unknown. The amount of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances increased in the canine HF hearts(More)
The effects of sesamin, one of the most abundant lignans in sesame seed, on hepatic fatty acid oxidation were examined in rats that were fed experimental diets containing various amounts (0%, 0.1%, 0.2%, and 0.5%) of sesamin (a 1:1 mixture of sesamin and episesamin) for 15 days. Dietary sesamin dose-dependently increased both mitochondrial and peroxisomal(More)
The interaction of dietary fish oil and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in affecting the activity of hepatic lipogenic enzymes and gene expression in liver and adipose tissue was examined in mice. A diet containing 1.0% CLA, mainly composed of 9cis,11trans- and 10trans,12cis-octadecadienoic acids at equivalent amounts, greatly decreased adipose tissue weight(More)
The activity and mRNA level of hepatic enzymes in fatty acid oxidation and synthesis were compared in rats fed diets containing either 15% saturated fat (palm oil), safflower oil rich in linoleic acid, perilla oil rich in alpha-linolenic acid or fish oil rich in eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acids (DHA) for 15 days. The mitochondrial fatty acid(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the physiologic activity of citrus flavonoids, naringenin, and hesperetin in affecting the activity and mRNA levels of enzymes involved in hepatic fatty acid oxidation and serum and liver lipid levels in male ICR mice. METHODS Six-week-old male ICR mice were fed experimental diets containing 1% naringenin or hesperetin and a(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma is a ligand-activated transcription factor and a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily that is thought to be the master regulator of fat storage; however, the relationship between PPARgamma and insulin sensitivity is highly controversial. We show here that supraphysiological activation of(More)
The effect of sesamin, one of the most abundant lignans in sesame seed, on hepatic fatty acid synthesis was examined in rats. Rats were fed experimental diets containing varying amounts (0, 0.1 and 0.2% for Exp. 1 and 0, 0.2 and 0.4% for Exp. 2, respectively) of sesamin for 15 days. The activity and gene expression of enzymes involved in fatty acid(More)
ICR and C57BL/6J mice were fed experimental diets containing either a 2% fatty acid preparation rich in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) or a preparation rich in linoleic acid and free of CLA for 21 days. CLA greatly decreased weights of white adipose tissue and interscapular brown adipose tissue in the two strains. CLA reduced mRNA levels of glucose(More)