Takashi Hirooka

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Various algae were screened for their ability to decrease the concentration of 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP), as a model compound of hazardous phenols, under photoautotrophic conditions. Chlorella fusca var. vacuolata and Anabaena variabilis grew well and showed high DNP removal ability over the concentration range of 5 to 40 microM. Their abilities to remove(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA) is known as an endocrine disruptor and often is found in landfill leachates. Removal of BPA by green alga, Chlorella fusca, was characterized, because we previously found that various phenols were well removed by this strain, including BPA. Chlorella fusca was able to remove almost all BPA in the concentration range from 10 to 80 microM(More)
The effect of antimicrobial agents for veterinary use on the growth of cyanobacteria was investigated by measuring minimum inhibitory concentration, medium effective concentration (EC50), and no-observed-effect concentration of seven antimicrobial agents for eight cyanobacteria. The results demonstrated that the seven antimicrobial agents, even at low(More)
Methylmercury is an environmental neurotoxin that induces severe neurological damage in the brain of humans and animals. The main pathological characteristic of methylmercury neurotoxicity is the location of the damage; lesions are localized around the deep sulci and fissures in the cerebral cortex, such as the calcarine fissure, and the granule cell layer(More)
Vascular toxicity is an important feature of the neuropathy induced by methylmercury. Methylmercury does not cause nonspecific cell damage, but rather retards the repair of wounded monolayers of cultured human brain microvascular endothelial cells by inhibiting their proliferation. Since vascular endothelial cell proliferation during the repair process(More)
The localization of neuropathological lesions along deep sulci and fissures is one of the characteristics of a cerebrum damaged by methylmercury. Edematous changes in white matter have been proposed as the cause of the localization of lesions; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying methylmercury-induced edema remain unclear. Since the vascular(More)
Vascular toxicity is important for understanding the neurotoxicity of methylmercury, because microvessels strongly influence the construction of microenvironment around neurons. Previously, we found that low density-human brain microvascular pericytes are markedly susceptible to methylmercury cytotoxicity due to high expression levels of the L-type amino(More)
Of 7 green algae, Chlorella fusca var. vacuolata removed about 23% of 2,4-dichlorophenol (DCP) at 10–80 μM after 4 d when grown photoautotrophically. Removal of DCP was growth-dependent and was suppressed dose-dependently by the photosynthesis inhibitor, 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethyl urea.
As the world population increases, we also need to increase food production. Chemical control has been critical in preventing losses due to plant diseases, especially with the development of numerous specific-action fungicides since the 1960s. In Japan, a host-defense inducer has been used to control rice blast since the 1970s without any problems with(More)
Flubendiamide, developed by Nihon Nohyaku Co., Ltd. (Tokyo, Japan), is a novel activator of ryanodine-sensitive calcium release channels (ryanodine receptors; RyRs), and is known to stabilize insect RyRs in an open state in a species-specific manner and to desensitize the calcium dependence of channel activity. In this study, using flubendiamide as an(More)