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The effect of antimicrobial agents for veterinary use on the growth of cyanobacteria was investigated by measuring minimum inhibitory concentration, medium effective concentration (EC50), and no-observed-effect concentration of seven antimicrobial agents for eight cyanobacteria. The results demonstrated that the seven antimicrobial agents, even at low(More)
Vascular toxicity is an important feature of the neuropathy induced by methylmercury. Methylmercury does not cause nonspecific cell damage, but rather retards the repair of wounded monolayers of cultured human brain microvascular endothelial cells by inhibiting their proliferation. Since vascular endothelial cell proliferation during the repair process(More)
Of 7 green algae, Chlorella fusca var. vacuolata removed about 23% of 2,4-dichlorophenol (DCP) at 10-80 microM after 4 d when grown photoautotrophically. Removal of DCP was growth-dependent and was suppressed dose-dependently by the photosynthesis inhibitor, 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethyl urea.
Various algae were screened for their ability to decrease the concentration of 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP), as a model compound of hazardous phenols, under photoautotrophic conditions. Chlorella fusca var. vacuolata and Anabaena variabilis grew well and showed high DNP removal ability over the concentration range of 5 to 40 microM. Their abilities to remove(More)
As the world population increases, we also need to increase food production. Chemical control has been critical in preventing losses due to plant diseases, especially with the development of numerous specific-action fungicides since the 1960s. In Japan, a host-defense inducer has been used to control rice blast since the 1970s without any problems with(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA) is known as an endocrine disruptor and often is found in landfill leachates. Removal of BPA by green alga, Chlorella fusca, was characterized, because we previously found that various phenols were well removed by this strain, including BPA. Chlorella fusca was able to remove almost all BPA in the concentration range from 10 to 80 microM(More)
The localization of neuropathological lesions along deep sulci and fissures is one of the characteristics of a cerebrum damaged by methylmercury. Edematous changes in white matter have been proposed as the cause of the localization of lesions; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying methylmercury-induced edema remain unclear. Since the vascular(More)
The knowledge of vascular toxicity is important for understanding the neurotoxicity of methylmercury. In the present study, we investigated the cell-density-dependent susceptibility of human brain microvascular pericytes to methylmercury-induced toxicity by using a cell-culture system. The susceptibility of sparse pericyte cultures to methylmercury was(More)
Epidemiological and experimental studies have suggested that exposure to metalloid arsenic constitutes a risk factor for vascular disease associated with atherosclerosis. Since in atherosclerosis, types of proteoglycans (PGs) present change depending on the stage, we investigated the effect of 2 chemical forms of inorganic arsenic-a trivalent sodium(More)