Learn More
The gamma-ray burst (GRB) 050904 at z = 6.3 provides the first opportunity of probing the intergalactic medium (IGM) by GRBs at the epoch of the reionization. Here we present a spectral modeling analysis of the optical afterglow spectrum taken by the Subaru Telescope, aiming to constrain the reionization history. The spectrum shows a clear damping wing at(More)
Type Ia supernovae are thermonuclear explosions of white dwarf stars in close binary systems. They play an important role as cosmological distance indicators and have led to the discovery of the accelerated expansion of the Universe. Among the most important unsolved questions about supernovae are how the explosion actually proceeds and whether accretion(More)
A 150-kb DNA fragment, which contains the gene of the chicken complement regulatory protein CREM (formerly named Cremp), was isolated from a microchromosome by screening bacterial artificial chromosome library. Within 100 kb of the cloned region, three complete genes encoding short consensus repeats (SCRs, motifs with tandemly arranged 60 aa) were(More)
Complement activation products are major components of the inflammatory response induced by cardiac surgery and cardiopulmonary bypass which contribute to postoperative organ dysfunction, fluid accumulation, and morbidity. Activation of the complement system occurs during extracorporeal circulation, during reperfusion of ischemic tissue, and after the(More)
Diarrhea, moderate to high fever and pain in the RLQ associated with a tender mass or swelling of the terminal ileum arouse suspicion of acute terminal ileitis. Will diagnostic of the disease be laboratory data compatible with acute inflammatory disease and radiological findings of the terminal ileum, i.e., thickening of mucosal folds, round filling defects(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We prospectively compared changes in function between colonic J-pouch and straight anastomoses from 1 to 5 years after low anterior resection for rectal cancer. METHODOLOGY At 1, 3, and 5 years after surgery, functional outcome was compared between 48 patients with J-pouch reconstruction (J group) and 51 with straight anastomosis (S(More)
To investigate the safety and immunological responses of personalized peptide vaccination in combination with oral administration of UFT and UZEL for metastatic colorectal carcinoma (mCRC), fourteen patients were enrolled in the present study. Peptides were determined based on the presence of peptide-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte precursors and IgG in(More)
BACKGROUND In this study we tested the hypothesis that delayed reperfusion of ischemic myocardium-too late to save myocytes-attenuates infarct expansion and improves collagen synthesis. METHODS The hypothesis was tested in a sheep model of anteroapical infarction that has no collateral blood flow to the area at risk. After coronary ligation or arterial(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that activated monocytes with soluble plasma tissue factor (pTF) activate factors VII and X to generate thrombin. BACKGROUND Despite heparin, thrombin is progressively generated during cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), produces intravascular fibrin and fibrinolysis, and(More)
Soluble plasma tissue factor (TF) circulates in picomolar concentrations in healthy individuals and increases in a wide spectrum of diseases. This study tests the hypothesis that both truncated TF (rsTF) or soluble plasmaTF (pTF) in low concentration combine with monocytes or platelets to convert factorVII (fVII) to fVIIa. Both rsTF (33 kDa) and pTF (47(More)