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In this study, we analyzed the relationships of exercise capacity and health status to mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We recruited 150 male outpatients with stable COPD with a mean postbronchodilator FEV1 at 47.4% of predicted. Their pulmonary function, progressive cycle ergometry, and health status using the(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of theophylline or anticholinergic agents on exercise capacity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remain controversial. The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of an oral theophylline with an inhaled anticholinergic agent and to examine the effects of combined therapy on exercise performance(More)
Generic health status has been recommended to be measured separately from disease-specific health status, because they can yield complementary information. In particular, generic health status can provide comprehensive health ratings across various disorders. However, the weakness with generic measures is that they may be less responsive to clinical changes(More)
Three disease-specific, health-related quality of life (HRQL) questionnaires have been introduced to assess patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), the Breathing Problems Questionnaire (BPQ), and the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire (CRQ). The purpose of the present study was to(More)
Goals of effective management of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) include relieving their symptoms and improving their health status. We examined how such patient reported outcomes would change longitudinally in comparison to physiological outcomes in COPD. One hundred thirty-seven male outpatients with stable COPD were recruited(More)
BACKGROUND Although exercise capacity is an important outcome measure in patients with COPD, its longitudinal course has not been analyzed in comparison to the change in pulmonary function. PURPOSES To examine how exercise capacity would deteriorate over time in patients with COPD, and what factors would contribute to it. METHODS A total of 137 male(More)
When dyspnea must be assessed clinically, there are three methods of assessment: the measurement of dyspnea with activities of daily living using clinical dyspnea ratings such as the modified Medical Research Council (MRC), the Baseline Dyspnea Index (BDI), and the Oxygen Cost Diagram (OCD); the measurement of dyspnea during exercise using the Borg scale;(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that the factors which may influence health status would differ in patients at different disease stages of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The present study investigated how impairments in health status were distributed in male patients at each disease stage according to the British Thoracic Society (BTS) guidelines,(More)
The purpose of the present study was to compare the characteristics of three different exercise tests in evaluating the effects of oxitropium bromide on exercise performance. Thirty-eight males with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (FEV(1) = 40.8 +/- 16.5% predicted; mean +/- SD) completed randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled,(More)
A novel, short, and simple questionnaire, the Airways Questionnaire 20 (AQ20), has been developed to measure and quantify disturbances in the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The AQ20 has 20 items with yes/no responses, and should take 2 min to complete and score. The purpose of(More)