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Histological cure of immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy has been reported only rarely in adults. To elucidate the reversibility of established IgA nephropathy, we performed a repeat biopsy study. A second biopsy was performed in 35 patients with IgA nephropathy in whom hematuria, an essential finding of IgA nephropathy, had disappeared (proteinuria also had(More)
Isoflavone aglycones daidzein (Dein) and genistein (Gein) are present primarily as glucuronides and sulfates in human plasma; however, very little is known about the plasma pharmacokinetics of isoflavone conjugates after soy ingestion. The aim of this study was to investigate metabolism and disposition of the isoflavone conjugated metabolites glucuronide or(More)
Much attention has been paid to the metabolism and disposition of isoflavones daidzein (Dein) and genistein (Gein) with regard to the prevention of several hormone-dependent diseases. Recent studies have reported that several conjugates as well as aglycones may be biologically active or may be activated within target cells. However, the disposition of Dein(More)
The roles of isoflavones in the prevention of several hormone-dependent cancers and osteoporosis are of great interest. Despite many pharmacokinetics studies of the isoflavones, the actual types of conjugates circulating in the body and the position(s) of conjugation sites on the flavone skeleton are still uncertain because, in general, conjugated compounds(More)
This study uses stable isotope methodology to evaluate the validity of 6beta-hydroxylation clearance of endogenous cortisol as a new index for in vivo CYP3A phenotyping in humans. Important factors contradictory to the use of a conventional index of urinary ratio of 6beta-hydroxycortisol to cortisol (6beta-OHF/F) to evaluate in vivo CYP3A activity are also(More)
Individual variability of the pharmacokinetics of prednisolone based on the unbound concentration in plasma is of significant clinical consideration. The unbound concentrations of prednisolone were measured in 10 patients with nephrotic syndrome, two patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, and one patient with dermatomyositis by examining protein(More)
This study describes a high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method for the simultaneous determination of 6beta-hydroxycortisol (6beta-OHF) and cortisol in human urine using either methylprednisolone or beclomethasone as internal standard. Separation was achieved on a reversed-phase phenyl column by a gradient elution of 0.05 M KH(2)PO(4)-0.01 M(More)
An HPLC method for determining quercetin in human plasma and urine is presented for application to the pharmacokinetic study of rutin. Isocratic reversed-phase HPLC was employed for the quantitative analysis by using kaempferol as an internal standard. Solid-phase extraction was performed on an Oasis HLB cartridge (>95% recovery). The HPLC assay was carried(More)
This study describes an oral administration of 5 mg of [1,2,4,19-13C4,11alpha-2H]cortisol (cortisol-13C4,2H1) to a human subject performed on two separate occasions, one with cortisol-13C4,2H1 alone and the other with cortisol-13C4,2H1 plus 130 mg per day of glycyrrhetinic acid for 6 days. The stable isotope methodology employed allowed for the evaluation(More)
Ten patients with biopsy-confirmed IgA nephropathy associated with diabetes mellitus underwent dietary weight control and three courses of intravenous pulses of methylprenisolone followed by prednisolone for 6-12 months and tonsillectomy. The average length of the follow-up period was 47.8 (range 30-96) months. As compared with pretreatment values,(More)