Takashi Furuta

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BACKGROUND The clinical course of cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterized by recurrent pulmonary infections and chronic inflammation. We have recently shown that decreased methylation of the toll-like receptor-2 (TLR2) promoter leads to an apparent CF-related up-regulation of TLR2. This up-regulation could be responsible, in part, for the CF-associated(More)
This study describes an oral administration of 5 mg of [1,2,4,19-13C4,11alpha-2H]cortisol (cortisol-13C4,2H1) to a human subject performed on two separate occasions, one with cortisol-13C4,2H1 alone and the other with cortisol-13C4,2H1 plus 130 mg per day of glycyrrhetinic acid for 6 days. The stable isotope methodology employed allowed for the evaluation(More)
Factors that give rise to a large variation in the urinary ratio of free cortisone to cortisol (UFE/UFF) were investigated to accurately estimate 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 (11β-HSD2) activity in humans in vivo. A water loading test was first carried out in two healthy subjects to examine the effect of water intake or urine volume on the urinary(More)
This study describes the enzymatic hydrolysis of urinary conjugates of cortisol, cortisone, tetrahydrocortisol, allotetrahydrocortisol, and tetrahydrocortisone with beta-glucuronidase preparations from Helix pomatia and Ampullaria. The objective of the present studies was to find optimal hydrolysis conditions for these conjugated steroids. Assay of the(More)
Auditory brainstem response (ABR) is a useful method in evaluating auditory function in human. To investigate the ABR threshold is more effective than to pursue the trends in each component of ABR. In this study, tone burst sound stimuli were employed and the ABR threshold shift caused by kanamycin administration was investigated in dogs. In a series of(More)
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the time courses of in vivo cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) inhibition in four healthy women after sequential administration of an oral contraceptive (OC) containing ethinylestradiol and levonorgestrel, using 6β-hydroxylation clearance of endogenous cortisol (CLm(6β)) as a new index for CYP3A phenotyping. The(More)
This study is concerned with validating the measurement of the plasma half-life of 11alpha-(2)H cortisol in an attempt to accurately assess the in vivo activity of 11beta-HSD2 in man. Oral administration of 5mg of cortisol-(13)C(4),(2)H(1) to a human subject after repeated ingestions of 130mg/day of glycyrrhetinic acid for 5 days resulted in a decrease in(More)
A method is described for the preparation of two types of multi-labeled 6 beta-hydroxycortisol containing either five deuterium atoms at C-19 methyl and C-1 methylene or four 13C atoms at C-1, C-2, C-4, and C-19 in addition to the five deuterium atoms for use as analytical internal standards for gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). BMD derivatives(More)
This study is concerned with an oral administration of 5mg of [1,2,4,19-13C(4),11alpha-2H]cortisol (cortisol-13C(4),2H(1)) to a human subject to reliably evaluate the individual activities of two isozymes of 11beta-HSD. The use of a GC-MS method allowed the simultaneous measurement of the plasma concentrations of cortisol-13C(4),2H(1), cortisone-13C(4), and(More)
Plasma concentration measurements of 13C-labeled cortisol ([1,2,4,19-13C(4)]cortisol, cortisol-13C(4)) and its metabolite cortisone-13C(4) were made simultaneously with measurements of endogenous cortisol and cortisone by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). After administering a small amount (3mg) of cortisol-13C(4) to a human subject, changes in(More)