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In order to determine whether the function of alveolar macrophages (AM) is modulated by aging, we measured the TNF-alpha production, phagocytic function, and surface antigen expression of AM from young and old mice. When AM were primed by IFN-gamma (500 units/ml) and triggered by LPS (100 micrograms/ml), TNF-alpha production by AM was significantly smaller(More)
The data for 94 consecutive patients with intermittent exotropia of basic type, ranging from 20 to 40 prism diopters (delta), who preoperatively wore neutralizing prisms for 3 to 5 days, were studied retrospectively. The surgery in 43 patients in whom the amount of increase of angle was 4delta or less was based on the original angle (Group A), while that in(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to localize chromosomal susceptibility loci for comitant strabismus among Japanese families by genome-wide linkage analyses. METHODS Fifty-five Japanese families, with at least two members with comitant strabismus (esotropia and/or exotropia), were subject to full ophthalmic examination, careful ocular history, and review(More)
Pyrithiamine-induced acute thiamine-deficient encephalopathy was produced in adult male Wistar rats. Twenty-four hours before the onset of neurological signs the brain showed no morphological abnormalities. Encephalopathic rats had symmetrical lesions of edematous necrosis localized in the thalamus, mammillary body, and pontine tegmentum. Biochemically,(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the adaptive vertical vergence aftereffect and determine whether it contributes to a difference of vertical deviation with respect to gaze distance in patients with vertical strabismus. DESIGN Prospective noncomparative studies. METHODS Eighty-four patients with unilateral superior oblique palsies were enrolled and classified into(More)
We evaluated the characteristics of phoria adaptation for vertically induced retinal disparity. An adaptive change in the fusion-free ocular alignment, phoria adaptation, was measured with a computer-aided mirror haploscope at 10, 30, and 60 minutes after the start of wearing of a 3-prism-diopter base up prism by 35 normal subjects ranging in age from 21 to(More)
PURPOSE To examine the reliability and usefulness of a video-based Hirschberg test under clinical conditions. METHODS The authors estimated ocular deviation in 87 patients with strabismus through automated analysis of corneal reflex displacement using a video refractor. The reproducibility of measurement, the comparison with the prism and alternate cover(More)
In lead CM5, the Q-wave response to exercise has been reported as an effective index in predicting coronary artery disease (CAD) and CAD with left anterior descending (LAD) disease. The purpose of this study was to verify these findings when the Q wave was analyzed in lead CC5 in 135 patients. The sensitivity for abnormal ST depression was 77%, specificity(More)
To determine the precise site of reattachment of recessed muscles, 4-mm conventional and hang-back recessions of the inferior rectus muscle were performed in 18 albino rabbits. Six weeks later, the distance from the anterior border of the reattached muscle to the insertion was measured both grossly and microscopically. In all cases the operated muscles had(More)