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BACKGROUND Several morphologic distinctions between elderly and young patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have been reported. In particular, a crescent-shaped left ventricular (LV) cavity with reversed septal curvature, which is often seen in young patients, is rare in elderly patients. However, those studies were carried out before gene testing(More)
Although aspirin has become an established medicine for cardiac and cerebrovascular diseases, the optimal dose remains unknown. We evaluated the optimal dose of aspirin on platelet activity and endothelial function by administering 11 healthy male volunteers (32 ± 6 years of age) doses of aspirin that were increased in a stepwise manner (0, 81, 162, 330 and(More)
OBJECTIVES This study investigated the significance of the serum high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) marker for prediction of adverse events in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). BACKGROUND Although serum cardiac troponins as sensitive and specific markers of myocardial injury have become well-established diagnostic and prognostic markers in(More)
It remains unknown whether left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling (LVRR) after therapy with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers and β blockers is correlated with prognosis in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Forty-two patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy treated with the therapy were(More)
Palmitoyl-CoA (Pal-CoA) lowered the respiratory control ratio (RCR), and induced mitochondrial membrane permeability transition (MPT) and cytochrome c (Cyt. c) release from isolated rat liver mitochondria. L-Carnitine suppressed the Pal-CoA-induced dysfunction, MPT, and Cyt. c release of isolated mitochondria. This suppression was inhibited by(More)
Apoptosis, a naturally occurring programmed cell death or cell 'suicide', has been paid much attention as one of the critical mechanisms for morphogenesis and tissue remodeling. Activation of cysteine aspartases (caspases) is one of the critical steps leading to apoptosis. Although a mitochondria-mediated pathway has been postulated to be one of the(More)
The morphologic apical form of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC), in which left ventricular (LV) wall thickening is confined to the most distal region at the apex, has been regarded as a phenotypic expression of nonobstructive HC largely unique to Japanese patients. To investigate this question further, we directly compared unselected and regional(More)
The long-term prognosis of patients with mildly dilated cardiomyopathy (MDCM) was investigated in 21 patients. MDCM was defined as left ventricular ejection fraction < or = 40% and left ventricular end-diastolic volume < or = 120 ml/m2 by left ventriculography. During a follow-up period of 6.8+/-3.7 years, there were 9 cardiac events (5 heart failure(More)
Little is known about left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling (LVRR) in long-term survivors with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. We studied 59 patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy who had a potential clinical and echocardiographic follow-up period of >12 years. LVRR was defined as LV end-diastolic dimension ≤ 55 mm and fractional shortening ≥(More)