Takashi Fujiwara

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Interactions between endothelial cells (ECs) and perivascular mural cells (MCs) via signaling molecules or physical contacts are implicated both in vascular remodeling and maintenance of vascular integrity. However, it remains unclear how MCs regulate the morphogenic activity of ECs to form an organized vascular architecture, comprising distinct artery,(More)
Betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase (BADH; EC 1.2.1.8) is an important enzyme that catalyzes the last step in the synthesis of glycine betaine, a compatible solute accumulated by many plants under various abiotic stresses. In barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), we reported previously the existence of two BADH genes (BBD1 and BBD2) and their corresponding proteins,(More)
WAVE2, a protein related to Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein, is crucial for Rac-induced membrane ruffling, which is important in cell motility. Cell movement is essential for morphogenesis, but it is unclear how cell movement is regulated or related to morphogenesis. Here we show the physiological functions of WAVE2 by disruption of the WAVE2 gene in mice.(More)
Although rice (Oryza sativa L.) produces little glycine betaine (GB), it has two betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase (BADH; EC 1.2.1.8) gene homologs (OsBADH1 and OsBADH2). We found that OsBADH1 catalyzes the oxidation of acetaldehyde efficiently, while the activity of OsBADH2 is extremely low. The accumulation of OsBADH1 mRNA decreases following submergence(More)
We recently isolated a novel angiogenesis inhibitor, vasohibin-1, and its homologue, vasohibin-2. In this study we characterize the role of these 2 molecules in the regulation of angiogenesis. In a mouse model of subcutaneous angiogenesis, the expression of endogenous vasohibin-1 was low in proliferating ECs at the sprouting front but high in(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted and reported the first (1982; 55,388 subjects), and second (1992; 45,674 subjects), epidemiological surveys conducted on bronchial asthma in elementary students across 11 prefectures in western Japan. The 2 surveys were conducted in the same regions using the same methodology employing a modified Japanese version of the American(More)
OBJECTIVE To elucidate the clinical characteristics of IgG4-related retroperitoneal fibrosis (RF). METHODS IgG4-related RF was diagnosed when all of the following three criteria were fulfilled: retroperitoneal soft tissue masses surrounding the aorta and/or adjacent tissues, elevation of the serum IgG4 levels, and abundant infiltration of IgG4-positive(More)
Intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) was performed in 20 of 36 patients with glioma; 11 glioblastomas, 7 malignant astrocytomas, 2 benign astrocytomas. Twenty or 25 Gy of irradiation was delivered in a single fraction intraoperatively, followed by external beam irradiation. The electron beam energy was selected so that the 80% isodose line fell at 2 or 3 cm(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the morphological development of dorsal root ganglion neurons in embryonic and early postnatal chicks and rats. The three-dimensional architecture of neurons was observed in ganglia in situ and in dissociated neurons by scanning electron microscopy after removal of the capsule and connective tissue. The percentages of(More)
BACKGROUND The epicanthal fold, which is peculiar to East Asians, forms an arch across the medial canthus in parallel with the nose. It is often accompanied by entropion of the medial eyelid. Although many surgical procedures have been described for correction of the epicanthal fold, none has reported a procedure to treat the epicanthal fold and entropion(More)