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Dioxins exert a variety of adverse effects on organisms, including teratogenesis, immunosuppression, tumor promotion, and estrogenic action. Studies using aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-deficient mice suggest that the majority of these toxic effects are mediated by the AhR. In spite of the adverse effects mediated by this receptor, the AhR gene is(More)
Forkhead transcription factors are characterized by a winged helix DNA binding domain, and the members of this family are classified into 20 subclasses by phylogenetic analyses. Fkhl18 is structurally unique, and is classified into FoxS subfamily. We found Fkhl18 expression in periendothelial cells of the developing mouse fetal testis. In an attempt to(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor type 1 (HAI-1), encoded by the serine protease inhibitor Kunitz type 1 (SPINT1) gene, is a membrane-bound serine protease inhibitor expressed in epithelial tissues. Mutant mouse models revealed that HAI-1/SPINT1 is essential for placental labyrinth formation and is critically involved in regulating epidermal(More)
Macrophage-stimulating protein (MSP) is a plasma protein that circulates as a single-chain proform. It acquires biological activity after proteolytic cleavage at the Arg483-Val484 bond, a process in which serum and cell surface serine proteinases have been implicated. In this article, we report that hepatocyte growth factor activator (HGFA), a serum(More)
Recent studies on the control of specific metabolic pathways in bacteria have documented the existence of entirely RNA-based mechanisms for controlling gene expression. These mechanisms involve the modulation of translation, transcription termination or RNA self-cleavage through the direct interaction of specific intracellular metabolites and RNA sequences.(More)
A loss of balance between cell membrane-associated proteases and their inhibitors may underlie cancer invasion and metastasis. We analysed the roles of a membrane- associated serine protease inhibitor, HAI-1, in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). While membranous HAI-1 was widely observed in cancer cells of human OSCC tissues, this was significantly(More)
Macrophage-stimulating protein (MSP) circulates as a proform protein and requires proteolytic processing for activation. Respiratory ciliated cells express the MSP receptor, recepteur d'origine nantais (RON), at the apical surface, which reportedly has an important role in ciliary function. Like RON, human airway trypsin-like protease (HAT) is also(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the differential expression of intraocular inflammatory cytokines in eyes with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) and to assess their roles as prognostic determinants of BRVO. METHODS A prospective cohort study of 38 eyes with BRVO. Aqueous humor samples were collected just before the intravitreal injection of bevacizumab and(More)
Arsenic, a carcinogen, is assumed to induce global DNA hypomethylation by consuming the universal methyl donor S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) in the body. A previous study reported that a methyl-deficient diet (MDD) with arsenic intake greatly reduced global DNA methylation (the content of 5-methylcytosine) in the liver of male C57BL/6 mice. In the present(More)
Angiogenesis is controlled by a balance between stimulators and inhibitors. We propose that the balance, as well as the general sensitivity of the endothelium to these factors, varies from individual to individual. Indeed, we have found that individual mouse strains have dramatically different responses to growth factor-induced neovascularization.(More)