Takashi Ashihara

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The Purkinje fibers are located in the ventricular walls of the heart, just beneath the endocardium and conduct excitation from the right and left bundle branches to the ventricular myocardium. Recently, anatomists succeeded in photographing the Purkinje fibers of a sheep, which clearly showed the mesh structure of the Purkinje fibers. In this study, we(More)
RATIONALE Electrogram-based catheter ablation, targeting complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAEs), is empirically known to be effective in halting persistent/permanent atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the mechanisms underlying CFAEs and electrogram-based ablation remain unclear. OBJECTIVE Because atrial fibrosis is associated with(More)
Models of myocardial membrane dynamics have not been able to reproduce the experimentally observed negative bias in the asymmetry of transmembrane potential changes (DeltaVm) induced by strong electric shocks delivered during the action potential plateau. The goal of this study is to determine what membrane model modifications can bridge this gap between(More)
QT prolongation, a risk factor for arrhythmias, can result from genetic variants in one (or more) of the genes governing cardiac repolarization as well as intake of drugs known to affect a cardiac K(+) channel encoded by human ether-a-go-go-related gene (HERG). In this paper, we will report a case of drug-induced long QT syndrome associated with an(More)
BACKGROUND Drugs with I(Kr)-blocking action cause secondary long-QT syndrome. Several cases have been associated with mutations of genes coding cardiac ion channels, but their frequency among patients affected by drug-induced long-QT syndrome (dLQTS) and the resultant molecular effects remain unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Genetic testing was carried out(More)
In cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation (VF), moderate hypothermia (MH, 33 degrees C) has been shown to improve defibrillation success compared with normothermia (NR, 37 degrees C) and severe hypothermia (SH, 30 degrees C). The underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We hypothesized that MH might prevent reentrant excitations rotating around(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to assess the effects of pilsicainide, a pure sodium channel blocker, on electrophysiological action and wavefront dynamics during atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS In a newly developed model of isolated, perfused, and superfused canine atria (n=12), the right and left endocardia were mapped simultaneously by use of(More)
BACKGROUND Brugada syndrome (BrS) is genetically heterogeneous. In Japanese BrS patients, except for SCN5A and KCNE5, mutations in the responsible genes have not yet been identified, and therefore the genetic heterogeneity remains poorly elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS Forty consecutive patients with Brugada-pattern electrocardiogram (ECG) underwent(More)
INTRODUCTION The ventricular apex has a helical arrangement of myocardial fibers called the "vortex cordis." Experimental studies have demonstrated that the first postshock activation originates from the ventricular apex, regardless of the electrical shock outcome; however, the related underlying mechanism is unclear. We hypothesized that the vortex cordis(More)
BACKGROUND After near-defibrillation threshold (DFT) shocks from an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), the first postshock activation that leads to defibrillation failure arises focally after an isoelectric window (IW). The mechanisms underlying the IW remain incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to provide mechanistic(More)