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Embryonic stem (ES) cells can be maintained in an undifferentiated state in the presence of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF). LIF acts through a receptor complex composed of a low affinity LIF receptor (LIFRbeta) and gp130. We reported that the intracellular domain of gp130 plays an important role in self-renewal of ES cells. In the present study, we(More)
Many multicellular organisms have remarkable capability to regenerate new organs after wounding. As a first step of organ regeneration, adult somatic cells often dedifferentiate to reacquire cell proliferation potential, but mechanisms underlying this process remain unknown in plants. Here we show that an AP2/ERF transcription factor, WOUND INDUCED(More)
The authors estimated abdominal fat distribution on the basis of measurements at computed tomography (CT). The attenuation range for fat tissue was defined as the interval within the mean plus or minus 2 SDs considered to be individual variation. Fat areas found with this method were closely correlated with those obtained by means of the computed(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to investigate the prognostic impact of lymph node metastasis in cholangiocarcinoma using three different classifications. METHODS Patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy for distal cholangiocarcinoma in 24 hospitals in Japan between 2001 and 2010 were included. Survival was calculated by means of the(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) synthesized by the vascular endothelium regulates mammalian blood vessels and other systems in humans. Recently, an endothelial nitric oxide synthase (ecNOS) gene polymorphism, the 27-bp repeat in intron 4 (ecNOS4), was reported to be related to the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease and terminal renal failure. We analyzed this(More)
It has not been discussed whether transient forebrain ischemia of 5-min duration, which is a model frequently used to evaluate pharmacological protection against ischemic injury, is an optimal model in the CA1 field of this animal whose brain temperature is maintained at normothermic levels. The temperature of the brain during an ischemic insult strongly(More)
Lesions of Alzheimer disease are associated with low-grade but sustained inflammatory responses. Activated microglia agglomerate in the center of senile plaques. Reactive astrocytes marginate the amyloid beta-protein (A beta) deposits and extend their processes toward the center of plaques. Both microglia and astrocytes are known to secrete a wide variety(More)
Fetal tau and tau in paired helical filaments show similar immunoreactivities with several phosphorylation-dependent paired helical filament-polyclonals and monoclonals, suggesting that the two molecules share several distinct phosphorylated epitopes. To make clear the similarities and differences between the two, we have undertaken work to identify the in(More)
To investigate the pathogenesis of acute coronary disorders and to clarify what type of plaque precedes these disorders, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioscopy, by means of a new angioscope, was carried out during catheterisation in 100 consecutive patients anatomically suitable for such investigations. The quality of the angioscopic image was good(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We investigated whether chronic hepatitis C infection is associated with thrombocytopenia. METHODS/RESULTS Thrombocytopenia (<15 x 10(4) platelets/mu l) was diagnosed in 151 of 368 patients (41.0%) with chronic hepatitis C, a significantly higher proportion than that observed in patients with chronic hepatitis B (18.9%, p < 0.01). Elevated(More)