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Food webs are networks describing who is eating whom in an ecological community. By now it is clear that many aspects of food-web structure are reproducible across diverse habitats, yet little is known about the driving force behind this structure. Evolutionary and population dynamical mechanisms have been considered. We propose a model for the evolutionary(More)
Quantification of fungal populations in the environment is important for gaining a better understanding of various microbial processes. Recently, the development of real-time quantitative PCR (RTQ-PCR) has eliminated the variability associated with conventional quantitative PCR, thereby allowing the routine and reliable quantification of PCR products. Thus,(More)
Real-time quantitative PCR (RTQ-PCR) was used to quantify the bacterial target DNA extracted by three commonly used DNA extraction protocols (bead mill homogenization, grinding in presence of liquid nitrogen and hot detergent SDS based enzymatic lysis). For the purpose of our study, pure culture of Bacillus cereus (model organism), sterilized soil seeded(More)
Pattern formation in the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction experiments carried out by filling capillary glass tubes with catalyst-immobilized gel for the reaction is reported. Under unperturbed and oscillatory conditions, helicoidal waves appear spontaneously. Quantitative structural data of those helices are obtained by devising an optical tomography technique(More)
This paper investigates the feedback stabilization problem of linear time-varying uncertain delay systems using linear memoryless state feedback control. Each uncertain parameter and each delay under consideration may take arbitrarily large values. In such a situation, the locations of uncertain entries in the system matrices play an important role. It has(More)
Algal blooms caused by cyanobacteria are characterized by two features with different time scales: one is seasonal outbreak and collapse of a bloom and the other is diurnal vertical migration. Our two-component mathematical model can simulate both phenomena, in which the state variables are nutrients and cyanobacteria. The model is a set of one-dimensional(More)
Self-propelled objects can become potential biomimetic micromachines, but a versatile strategy is required to add the desired functions. Introducing a characteristic chemical reaction is a simple answer; however, the problem is how the chemical reaction is coupled to the self-propelled motion. We propose a strategy to select the chemical reaction so that(More)
Possibilities of synchronized oscillations in glycolysis mediated by various extracellular metabolites are investigated theoretically using two-dimensional reaction-diffusion systems, which originate from the existing seven-variable model. Our simulation results indicate the existence of alternative mediators such as ATP and 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate, in(More)
Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DGE) mapping of genomic DNA and complementary DNA (cDNA) amplicons was attempted to analyze total and active bacterial populations within soil and activated sludge samples. Distinct differences in the number and species of bacterial populations and those that were metabolically active at the time of sampling were(More)