Takaomi Sakai

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The physiological and behavioral activities of many animals are restricted to specific times of the day. The daily fluctuation in the mating activity of some insects is controlled by an endogenous clock, but the genetic mechanism that controls it remains unknown. Here we demonstrate that wild-type Drosophila melanogaster display a robust circadian rhythm in(More)
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels play crucial roles in sensory perception. Expression of the Drosophila painless (pain) gene, a homolog of the mammalian TRPA1/ANKTM1 gene, in the peripheral nervous system is required for avoidance behavior of noxious heat or wasabi. In this study, we report a novel role of the Pain TRP channel expressed in the(More)
The cAMP-responsive transcription factor, CREB, is required for formation of long-term memory (LTM) in Drosophila melanogaster and regulates transcription of a circadian clock gene, period (per). Involvement of CREB both in LTM and circadian rhythm raises the possibility that per also plays a role in LTM. Assaying the experience-dependent courtship(More)
Nicotine, in addition to acute effects, has long-lasting effects on mammalian behaviors, such as those leading to addiction. Here we present genetic and pharmacological evidence in Drosophila suggesting that repetitive exposures to nicotine induce a hyper-responsiveness through synthesis of new protein(s) via CREB-mediated gene transcription. Single(More)
Drosophila male courtship is a complex and robust behavior, the potential for which is genetically built into specific neural circuits in the central nervous system. Previous studies using male-female mosaics and the flies with defects in particular brain structures implicated the critical central regions involved in male courtship behavior. However, their(More)
Sexual isolation is one of the most important mechanisms that may lead to speciation. Drosophila ananassae and D. pallidosa are useful for the study of sexual isolation, because of their sympatric distribution and no postmating isolation between them. Courtship songs are considered to play a crucial role in sexual isolation between D. ananassae and D.(More)
Physiological and behavioral phenomena of many animals are restricted to certain times of the day. Many organisms show daily rhythms in their mating. The daily fluctuation in mating activity of a few insects is controlled by an endogenous clock. The fruitfly, Drosophila, is the most suitable material to characterize the genetic basis of circadian rhythms of(More)
Improved survival is likely linked to the ability to generate stable memories of significant experiences. Considerable evidence in humans and mammalian model animals shows that steroid hormones, which are released in response to emotionally arousing experiences, have an important role in the consolidation of memories of such events. In insects, ecdysone is(More)
Chemical investigation of the glandular trichome exudate from Ceratotheca triloba (Pedaliaceae) led to the identification of nine 1-O-acetyl-2-O-[(R)-3-acetyloxy-fatty acyl]-3-O-malonylglycerols. Among these, 1-O-acetyl-2-O-[(R)-3-acetyloxyicosanoyl]-3-O-malonylglycerol (7) was the most abundant constituent (41%), followed by(More)
The behavior and physiology of Drosophila are subject to rhythms that are controlled by the circadian clock genes, period, timeless, clock and cycle, all of which are thought to participate in central pacemaker control. The molecular mechanism of rhythm in Drosophila has been studied in detail. However, rhythm and clock genes have mostly been analyzed in(More)