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Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a major food-borne infectious pathogen that causes diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis, and hemolytic uremic syndrome. Here we report the complete chromosome sequence of an O157:H7 strain isolated from the Sakai outbreak, and the results of genomic comparison with a benign laboratory strain, K-12 MG1655. The chromosome is 5.5 Mb in(More)
Type IV bundle-forming pili of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli are required for the localized adherence and autoaggregation phenotypes. Whether these pili are also required for virulence was tested in volunteers by inactivating bfpA or bfpT (perA) encoding, respectively, the pilus subunit and the bfp operon transcriptional activator. Both mutants caused(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence and organization of the enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) adherence factor (EAF) plasmid of EPEC strain B171 (O111:NM) were determined. The EAF plasmid encodes two known virulence-related operons, the bfp operon, which is composed of genes necessary for biosynthesis of bundle-forming pili, and the bfpTVW (perABC)(More)
A new insertion sequence (IS) element, IS679 (2,704 bp in length), has been identified in plasmid pB171 of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli B171. IS679 has imperfect 25-bp terminal inverted repeats (IRs) and three open reading frames (ORFs) (here called tnpA, tnpB, and tnpC). A plasmid carrying a composite transposon (Tn679) with the kanamycin resistance(More)
Selenium (Se) is an essential antioxidative micronutrient but can exert cancer-selective cytotoxicity if the nutritional levels are too high. Selenodiglutathione (GSSeSG) is a primary Se metabolite conjugated with two glutathione (GSH) moieties. GSSeSG has been suggested to be an important molecule for cytotoxicity. Here, we propose the underlying(More)
In order to investigate long-term effects of indwelling urinary catheters on renal functions, in 46 patients (27 male and 19 female) with ureterostomy or nephrostomy serum creatinine values were measured periodically. Average age of the patients was 60.6 years old. Duration of catheterization was more than 3 years (average 8.1 years). Renal dysfunction was(More)
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