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BACKGROUND Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is recognized as a rare but serious complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, clinical features, and mortality rate of EPS. METHODS The authors requested the registration of all PD patients in facilities across Japan where more than 10 patients were(More)
BACKGROUND Health-related quality of life (HQOL) of predialysis patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) has received less attention than that of dialysis patients. We investigated changes in SF-36 over 1 year and examined associations between clinical parameters and SF-36 in predialysis CRF patients. METHODS Subjects were 471 predialysis CRF patients.(More)
We have developed a highly efficient synthetic method for azanucleosides using a lithium perchlorate-nitromethane reaction medium, allowing direct and exclusive installation of various nucleophiles, including protected nucleobases into prolinol derivatives at the preferred 5-position.
An efficient method for modifying a proline moiety through anodic carbon-carbon bond cleavage is developed. Use of the 2,4,6-trimethoxyphenyl (TMP) moiety as a leaving group at the 5-position allows the incorporation of various functional groups for modification in both the N- and C-terminal direction due to the stability of the N1-C5-C linkage. This(More)
A straightforward method for the synthesis of oligonucleotide blocks using a Cbz-type alkyl-chain-soluble support (Z-ACSS) attached to the 3'-OH group of 3'-terminal nucleosides was developed. The Z-ACSS allowed for the preparation of fully protected deoxyribo- and ribo-oligonucleotides without chromatographic purification and released dimer- to(More)
Azanucleosides, in which the 4'-oxygen atom has been replaced with a nitrogen atom, have drawn much attention owing to their anticancer and antivirus activity, and tolerance towards nucleases. However, the traditional synthetic strategy requires multiple steps and harsh conditions, thereby limiting the structural and functional diversity of the products.(More)
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