Takao Shioya

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The second tryptophan (W) residue of the conserved WW motif in the pore helix of many K+ channel subunit is thought to interact with the tyrosine (Y) residues of the selectivity filter. A missense mutation causing the replacement of the corresponding residues with an arginine (W309R) occurs in KCNQ3 subunits forming part of M-channels. In this study, we(More)
1. Single guinea-pig ventricular myocytes were voltage clamped using the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique and membrane current generated by the Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange mechanism recorded. 2. Rapid increases in cytosolic free calcium ([Ca2+]i) evoked by flash photolysis of either nitr-5 or DM-nitrophen resulted in current relaxations,(More)
The present patch-clamp study shows that external Mg2+, Ca2+ and Sr2+ decrease the unit amplitude of inward current through the inward-rectifier K+ channel in a concentration-dependent manner. Sr2+ produces a voltage-dependent flickering block as well, and the fractional electrical distance between the external orifice and the Sr2+ binding site (delta) is(More)
Inherited dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized by dilatation and dysfunction of the ventricles, and often results in sudden death or heart failure (HF). Although angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) have been used for the treatment of HF, little is known about the effects on postulated electrical remodeling that occurs in inherited DCM. The aim of(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with inherited dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) frequently die with severe heart failure (HF) or die suddenly with arrhythmias, although these symptoms are not always observed at birth. It remains unclear how and when HF and arrhythmogenic changes develop in these DCM mutation carriers. In order to address this issue, properties of the(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal Ca(2+) transients are often observed in heart muscles under a variety of pathophysiological conditions including ventricular tachycardia. To clarify whether these abnormal Ca(2+) transients can be attributed to abnormal action potential generation or abnormal Ca(2+) handling/excitation-contraction (EC) coupling, we developed a procedure(More)
1. Membrane current generated by the Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange mechanism was recorded in single guinea-pig ventricular myocytes using the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique and the intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) was monitored using the fluorescent probe Indo-1, applied intracellularly through a perfused patch pipette. The reversal potential of(More)
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