Takao Shioya

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The present patch-clamp study shows that external Mg2+, Ca2+ and Sr2+ decrease the unit amplitude of inward current through the inward-rectifier K+ channel in a concentration-dependent manner. Sr2+ produces a voltage-dependent flickering block as well, and the fractional electrical distance between the external orifice and the Sr2+ binding site (δ) is 0.73.(More)
Single heart cells of mouse models provide powerful tools for heart research. However, their isolation is not easy, and it imposes a significant bottleneck on their use in cellular studies of the heart. Aiming to overcome this problem, this report introduces a novel technique that reproducibly isolates healthy heart cells from mouse models. Using simple(More)
The second tryptophan (W) residue of the conserved WW motif in the pore helix of many K+ channel subunit is thought to interact with the tyrosine (Y) residues of the selectivity filter. A missense mutation causing the replacement of the corresponding residues with an arginine (W309R) occurs in KCNQ3 subunits forming part of M-channels. In this study, we(More)
BACKGROUND It has been previously reported that the transgenic mouse expressing the dominant negative mutant of the neuron restrictive silencing factor (dnNRSF) in the heart died from lethal arrhythmia, so the present study aimed to clarify the electrophysiological alteration of the ventricular myocyte isolated from the dnNRSF mouse. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
The cell-volume regulation by swelling-activated Cl- current (I(Cl,swell)) was studied in guinea pig ventricular myocytes, using a microscopic video-image analysis. We have previously shown that in ventricular cells depolarized in high-K+ ([K+]o>45 mM) solution, an activation of the cyclic AMP-dependent Cl- current (I(Cl,cAMP)) leads to cell swelling. We(More)
Whole cell currents were recorded in single myocytes dissociated from guinea-pig ventricles, and caged compounds were loaded intracellularly through the patch electrodes. Flash photolysis of caged cyclic GMP (cGMP) increased the amplitudes of both catecholamine-induced Cl− (ICl) and Ca2+ currents (ICa) which were pre-activated by submaximum doses of(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with inherited dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) frequently die with severe heart failure (HF) or die suddenly with arrhythmias, although these symptoms are not always observed at birth. It remains unclear how and when HF and arrhythmogenic changes develop in these DCM mutation carriers. In order to address this issue, properties of the(More)
Inherited dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized by dilatation and dysfunction of the ventricles, and often results in sudden death or heart failure (HF). Although angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) have been used for the treatment of HF, little is known about the effects on postulated electrical remodeling that occurs in inherited DCM. The aim of(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal Ca(2+) transients are often observed in heart muscles under a variety of pathophysiological conditions including ventricular tachycardia. To clarify whether these abnormal Ca(2+) transients can be attributed to abnormal action potential generation or abnormal Ca(2+) handling/excitation-contraction (EC) coupling, we developed a procedure(More)
We examined inhibitory effects of external multivalent cations Ni(2+), Co(2+), Cd(2+), La(3+), Mg(2+), and Mn(2+) on reverse-mode exchange of the K(+)-dependent Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger NCKX2 and the K(+)-independent exchanger NCX1 expressed in CCL-39 cells by measuring the rate of Ca(2+) uptake with radioisotope tracer and electrophysiological techniques.(More)