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The adenomatous polyposis coli gene (APC) is mutated in familial adenomatous polyposis and in sporadic colorectal tumors, and its product binds to the adherens junction protein beta-catenin. Overexpression of APC blocks cell cycle progression. The APC-beta-catenin complex was shown to bind to DLG, the human homolog of the Drosophila discs large tumor(More)
Basigin is a highly glycosylated transmembrane protein with two immunoglobulin-like domains. We generated mutant mice lacking the basigin gene (Bsg) by gene targeting. Bsg (-/-) embryos developed normally during preimplantation stages. However, the majority of Bsg (-/-) embryos died around the time of implantation. At this time, basigin mRNA was strongly(More)
CD13, a receptor for human coronavirus 229E (HCoV-229E), was identified as a major component of the Triton X-100-resistant membrane microdomain in human fibroblasts. The incubation of living fibroblasts with an anti-CD13 antibody on ice gave punctate labeling that was evenly distributed on the cell surface, but raising the temperature to 37 degrees C before(More)
The adenomatous polyposis coli gene (APC) is mutated in familial adenomatous polyposis and in sporadic colorectal tumors. Here the APC gene product is shown to bind through its armadillo repeat domain to a Rac-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF), termed Asef. Endogenous APC colocalized with Asef in mouse colon epithelial cells and neuronal(More)
Rod photoreceptor-specific mutations cause ectopic synapses to form between cone photoreceptor terminals and rod bipolar cell dendrites in degenerating retinas of rhodopsin transgenic (P347L) pigs and retinal degeneration mice. Since the mutations occur in rod photoreceptor-specific genes in these two models, it is not known if ectopic synaptogenesis occurs(More)
The plasma membrane of mammalian cells is one of the tight barriers against gene transfer by synthetic delivery systems. Various agents have been used to facilitate gene transfer by destabilizing the endosomal membrane under acidic conditions, but their utility is limited, especially for gene transfer in vivo. In this article, we report that the protein(More)
The adenomatous polyposis coli (Apc) gene is mutated in familial adenomatous polyposis and in sporadic colorectal tumors. The Apc gene product (APC), basically a cytoplasmic protein, blocks cell cycle progression and plays crucial roles in development. The APC binds to beta-catenin, axin and glycogen synthase kinase 3beta to form a large protein complex, in(More)
BACKGROUND Sphingomonas paucimobilis SYK-6 utilizes an extradiol-type catecholic dioxygenase, the LigAB enzyme (a protocatechuate 4,5-dioxygenase), to oxidize protocatechuate (or 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, PCA). The enzyme belongs to the family of class III extradiol-type catecholic dioxygenases catalyzing the ring-opening reaction of protocatechuate and(More)
BACKGROUND The human homologue of the Drosophila discs large tumour suppressor protein (hDLG) and closely related proteins such as postsynaptic density protein 95 kDa (PSD-95) are associated with N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDA-R) and Shaker-type K+ channels, and are thought to be involved in their clustering. RESULTS We have identified a protein(More)
Inhibitor of beta-catenin and T cell factor (ICAT) inhibits Wnt signaling by interfering with the interaction between beta-catenin and T cell factor. Here we show that ICAT(-/-) embryos exhibit malformation of the forebrain and craniofacial bones and lack the kidney. Analysis of the neuronal differentiation of embryonic stem cells revealed that Wnt3a(More)